New From NAP http://www.jwdksj.live/rss 2020-03-29T16:26:00-04:00 New books, reports and publications from the National Academies Press. 江苏体彩11选五5开奖结果 tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25764#final 2020-04-01T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-27T16:24:10-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25764?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25764/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Sixty percent of the transit-industry practitioners surveyed rate their transit agency’s efforts to address their major security challenges as somewhat or very successful. However, only 25 percent say they have implemented any security-risk-reduction program that they consider to be exceptional or exemplary.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Synthesis 146: Transit Security Preparedness</em> identifies current practices transit systems can use to enhance their security measures and to identify opportunities to apply security technology applications used in other industries to the transit environment.</p> <p>One size does not fit all in the context of transit security. However, there are common themes in all effective security preparedness approaches.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25764">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/DD6a1mhtAH4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25764 Transportation Network Companies (TNCs): Impacts to Airport Revenues and Operations—Reference Guide tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25759#final 2020-03-31T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-26T14:56:10-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25759?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25759/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transportation network companies (TNCs) have become an increasingly popular form of transportation since initially permitted at some airports in 2014. While many airports receive significant revenue from TNCs, others have recorded declines in parking revenue and rental car transactions that are perceived to be a direct result of TNC operations.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Research Report 215: Transportation Network Companies (TNCs): Impacts to Airport Revenues and Operations—Reference Guide</em> identifies strategies and practical tools for adapting airport landside access programs to reflect the evolution of ground transportation modes such as TNCs and autonomous vehicles.</p> <p>A searchable <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_215Database.xlsx">statistical database of the airport survey</a> and the <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_215Template.xlsb">Airport Mode Choice and Ground Simulator Template</a> (an Excel-based simulation template), which shows how the mode-choice model is applied to estimate revenue impact, supplement the report.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25759">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/EfvPi5o_0yI" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25759 Building and Maintaining Air Service Through Incentive Programs tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25758#final 2020-03-30T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-26T13:18:55-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25758?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25758/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Airports and the communities they serve view robust air service as an important element for economic well-being and overall quality of life. Incentive programs are often used to encourage airlines to maintain or augment service to a community. Recent airline industry trends, including airline consolidation, use of larger aircraft, the rise of ultra-low-cost airlines, and challenges with pilot supply as well as regulatory and policy developments, have affected the significance of these programs.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Research Report 218: Building and Maintaining Air Service Through Incentive Programs</em> is a guidebook offering advice for using incentive programs for growing and maintaining commercial air service. The development, execution, and monitoring of air service incentive programs can be complex, involve multiple stakeholders, and must address federal compliance issues.</p> <p>An additional resource accompanying the report is <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_218Technical.docx">Building and Maintaining Air Service Through Incentive Programs:Contractor’s Final Technical Report</a>.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25758">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/R42MxA-0Vhs" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25758 Rapid Expert Consultation on SARS-CoV-2 Survival and Incubation for the COVID-19 Pandemic tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25763#final 2020-03-27T13:45:44-04:00 2020-03-27T13:45:53-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25763?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25763/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>In response to a request from the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a standing committee of experts to help inform OSTP on critical science and policy issues related to emerging infectious diseases and other public health threats. The standing committee includes approximately 15 members with expertise in emerging infectious diseases, public health, public health preparedness and response, biological sciences, clinical care and crisis standards of care, risk communication, and regulatory issues. A previous Rapid Expert Consultation, dated March 15, provided feedback concerning issues of virus survival on surfaces and in the air, and virus/disease incubation period. This publication provides an update and elaboration on these issues, as well as some caveats about the work performed so far and as yet unmet needs.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25763">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/jtvXQRVGmcw" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25763 Regulating Medicines in a Globalized World: The Need for Increased Reliance Among Regulators tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25594#final 2020-03-25T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-26T12:35:42-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25594?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25594/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Globalization is rapidly changing lives and industries around the world. Drug development, authorization, and regulatory supervision have become international endeavors, with most medicines becoming global commodities. Drug companies utilize global supply chains that often include facilities in countries with inconsistent regulations from those of the United States, perform pivotal trials in multiple countries to support registration submissions in various jurisdictions, and subsequently market their medicines throughout most of the world. These companies operate across borders and require individual national regulators to ensure that drugs authorized for use in their countries are safe and effective, and appropriate for their health care system and their population. This process involves significant resources and often duplicative work. It is important to consider how this process can be improved in order to better allocate resources, time, and efforts to improve public health.</p> <p><i>Regulating Medicines in a Globalized World: The Need for Increased Reliance Among Regulators</i> considers the role of mutual recognition and other reliance activities among regulators in contributing to enhancing public health. This report identifies opportunities for leveraging reliance activities more broadly in order to potentially impact public health globally. Key topics in this report include the job of medicines regulators in today’s world, what policy makers need to know about today’s regulatory environment, stakeholder views of recognition and reliance, as well as removing impediments and facilitating action for greater recognition and reliance among regulatory authorities.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25594">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/f6QrqTsbXhg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25594 Enhancing Scientific Reproducibility in Biomedical Research Through Transparent Reporting: Proceedings of a Workshop tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25627#prepub 2020-03-24T08:45:44-04:00 2020-03-24T08:45:58-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25627?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25627/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Sharing knowledge is what drives scientific progress - each new advance or innovation in biomedical research builds on previous observations. However, for experimental findings to be broadly accepted as credible by the scientific community, they must be verified by other researchers. An essential step is for researchers to report their findings in a manner that is understandable to others in the scientific community and provide sufficient information for others to validate the original results and build on them. In recent years, concern has been growing over a number of studies that have failed to replicate previous results and evidence from larger meta-analyses, which have pointed to the lack of reproducibility in biomedical research.</p> <p>On September 25 and 26, 2019, the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop in Washington, DC, to discuss the current state of transparency in the reporting of preclinical biomedical research and to explore opportunities for harmonizing reporting guidelines across journals and funding agencies. Convened jointly by the Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation; the Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders; the National Cancer Policy Forum; and the Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health, the workshop primarily focused on transparent reporting in preclinical research, but also considered lessons learned and best practices from clinical research reporting. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25627">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/R55nirKNspk" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25627 Incorporating Roadway Access Management into Local Ordinances tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25750#final 2020-03-24T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-19T10:22:52-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25750?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25750/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Managing access connections to roadways is vital to safety and operational performance of roadways for all users. Given the separation of authority between state and local governments over land development and access, intergovernmental coordination is integral to effective access management.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Synthesis 549: Incorporating Roadway Access Management into Local Ordinances</em> documents regulatory tools and practices used by local governments to implement access management, as well as provides examples of how state transportation agencies are coordinating with local governments to advance access management objectives.</p> <p>The review of local ordinances and state and local government coordination practices indicates that access management is being actively implemented throughout the United States. Typical features of local ordinances reviewed included access classification schemes and corresponding spacing standards, interparcel cross access requirements, intersection functional area or corner clearance standards, limits on driveways per site, unified access and circulation requirements for outparcels, allowances for deviations from standards, and access permitting and development (site plan) review procedures and criteria.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25750">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/LXt8cuApb5Q" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25750 Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems: Second Edition tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/22706#final 2020-03-23T15:40:57-04:00 2020-03-23T15:40:57-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/22706?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/22706/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 600: Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems: Second Edition provides data and insights of the extent to which road users’ needs, capabilities, and limitations are influenced by the effects of age, visual demands, cognition, and influence of expectancies.</p> <p>NCHRP Report 600 provides guidance for roadway location elements and traffic engineering elements. The report also provides tutorials on special design topics, an index, and a glossary of technical terms.</p> <p>The second edition of NCHRP 600 completes and updates the first edition, which was published previously in three collections.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/22706">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/Dor7f3AJ3hI" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/22706 Evaluating the Effects of Recycling Agents on Asphalt Mixtures with High RAS and RAP Binder Ratios tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25749#final 2020-03-23T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-18T16:09:54-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25749?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25749/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>More than 90 percent of highways and roads in the United States are built using hot-mix asphalt (HMA) or warm-mix asphalt (WMA) mixtures, and these mixtures now recycle more than 99 percent of some 76.2 million tons of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and about 1 million tons of recycled asphalt shingles (RAS) each year. Cost savings in 2017 totaled approximately $2.2 billion with these recycled materials replacing virgin materials.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's<em>NCHRP Research Report 927: Evaluating the Effects of Recycling Agents on Asphalt Mixtures with High RAS and RAP Binder Ratios</em> presents an evaluation of how commercially available recycling agents affect the performance of asphalt mixtures incorporating RAP and RAS at high recycled binder ratios.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25749">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/BRSQX53uyIs" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25749 Rapid Expert Consultation on Data Elements and Systems Design for Modeling and Decision Making for the COVID-19 Pandemic tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25755#final 2020-03-22T14:45:44-04:00 2020-03-25T17:10:00-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25755?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25755/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>In response to a request from the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a standing committee of experts to help inform OSTP on critical science and policy issues related to emerging infectious diseases and other public health threats. The standing committee includes approximately 15 members with expertise in emerging infectious diseases, public health, public health preparedness and response, biological sciences, clinical care and crisis standards of care, risk communication, and regulatory issues. This publication provides feedback on questions about necessary data elements, sources of data, gaps in collection, and suggestions for data system design and integration to improve modeling and decision-making for COVID-19.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25755">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/kzPAAAzeWts" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25755 Initial Closure Planning for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants: Letter Report tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25721#prepub 2020-03-20T10:45:44-04:00 2020-03-20T10:45:51-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25721?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25721/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>The Committee on Initial Closure Planning for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants was tasked to review documents related to the closure of legacy chemical demilitarization plants and use their expert judgment to identify key areas and issues that should be considered when planning for closing Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants (BGCAPP and PCAPP). This letter report presents those key issues in the following three broad categories: decontamination and hazardous waste; worker safety and industrial hygiene; and environmental safety, regulations, and permitting.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25721">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/280'>Conflict and Security Issues</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/fz2eYJOw0YI" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25721 Identification of Factors Contributing to the Decline of Traffic Fatalities in the United States from 2008 to 2012 tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25590#final 2020-03-20T00:00:00-04:00 2019-10-01T19:22:04-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25590?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25590/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Between 2005 and 2011, the number of traffic fatalities in the U.S. declined by 11,031, from 43,510 in 2005 to 32,479 in 2011. This decline amounted to a reduction in traffic-related deaths of 25.4 percent, by far the greatest decline over a comparable period in the last 30 years.</p> <p>Historically, significant drops in traffic fatalities over a short period of time have coincided with economic recessions. Longer recessions have coincided with deeper declines in the number of traffic fatalities. This TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 928: Identification of Factors Contributing to the Decline of Traffic Fatalities in the United States from 2008 to 2012</em> provides an analysis that identifies the specific factors in the economic decline that affected fatal crash risk, while taking into account the long-term factors that determine the level of traffic safety.</p> <p>A key insight into the analysis of the factors that produced the sharp drop in traffic fatalities was that the young contributed disproportionately to the drop-off in traffic fatalities. Of the reduction in traffic fatalities from 2007 to 2011, people 25-years-old and younger accounted for nearly 48 percent of the drop, though they were only about 28 percent of total traffic fatalities prior to the decline. Traffic deaths among people 25-years-old and younger dropped substantially more than other groups. Young drivers are known to be a high-risk group and can be readily identified in the crash data. Other high-risk groups also likely contributed to the decline but they cannot be identified as well as age can.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25590">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/QEvsQ6cvoaQ" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25590 Rapid Expert Consultation on Social Distancing for the COVID-19 Pandemic tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25753#final 2020-03-19T16:45:43-04:00 2020-03-20T10:12:16-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25753?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25753/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>In response to a request from the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a standing committee of experts to help inform OSTP on critical science and policy issues related to emerging infectious diseases and other public health threats. The standing committee includes approximately 15 members with expertise in emerging infectious diseases, public health, public health preparedness and response, biological sciences, clinical care and crisis standards of care, risk communication, and regulatory issues. This publication provides feedback on questions about the effectiveness and costs of social distancing measures in contending with COVID-19.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25753">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/lodBUDaGY8c" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25753 Rapid Expert Consultation on Severe Illness in Young Adults for the COVID-19 Pandemic tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25752#final 2020-03-19T13:45:48-04:00 2020-03-20T10:10:12-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25752?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25752/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>In response to a request from the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a standing committee of experts to help inform OSTP on critical science and policy issues related to emerging infectious diseases and other public health threats. The standing committee includes approximately 15 members with expertise in emerging infectious diseases, public health, public health preparedness and response, biological sciences, clinical care and crisis standards of care, risk communication, and regulatory issues. This publication provides feedback on questions about severe illness in younger adults in Italy infected with the COVID-19 virus.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25752">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/ixeXq2THQf8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25752 Rapid Expert Consultation on Surface Stability and Incubation for the COVID-19 Pandemic tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25751#final 2020-03-19T13:45:44-04:00 2020-03-20T10:09:18-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25751?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25751/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>In response to a request from the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a standing committee of experts to help inform OSTP on critical science and policy issues related to emerging infectious diseases and other public health threats. The standing committee includes approximately 15 members with expertise in emerging infectious diseases, public health, public health preparedness and response, biological sciences, clinical care and crisis standards of care, risk communication, and regulatory issues. This publication provides feedback on questions about the survival of COVID-19 virus on surfaces and the incubation period between exposure and onset of symptoms.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25751">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/h9nfBiqg92Y" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25751 Exploring the Current Landscape of Consumer Genomics: Proceedings of a Workshop tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25713#prepub 2020-03-19T08:45:44-04:00 2020-03-19T08:45:55-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25713?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25713/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Consumer genomics, encompassing both direct-to-consumer applications (i.e., genetic testing that is accessed by a consumer directly from a commercial company apart from a health care provider) and consumer-driven genetic testing (i.e., genetic testing ordered by a health care provider in response to an informed patient request), has evolved considerably over the past decade, moving from more personal utility-focused applications outside of traditional health care to interfacing with clinical care in nontraditional ways. As consumer genomics has increasingly intersected with clinical applications, discussions have arisen around the need to demonstrate clinical and analytical validity and clinical utility due to the potential for misinterpretation by consumers. Clinical readiness and interest for this information have presented educational and training challenges for providers. At the same time, consumer genomics has emerged as a potentially innovative mechanism for thinking about health literacy and engaging participants in their health and health care.</p> <p>To explore the current landscape of consumer genomics and the implications for how genetic test information is used or may be used in research and clinical care, the Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop on October 29, 2019, in Washington, DC. Discussions included such topics as the diversity of participant populations, the impact of consumer genomics on health literacy and engagement, knowledge gaps related to the use of consumer genomics in clinical care, and regulatory and health policy issues such as data privacy and security. A broad array of stakeholders took part in the workshop, including genomics and consumer genomics experts, epidemiologists, health disparities researchers, clinicians, users of consumer genomics research applications, representatives from patient advocacy groups, payers, bioethicists, regulators, and policy makers. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25713">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/YeYuoIxPwWs" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25713 Promising Practices for Addressing the Underrepresentation of Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine: Opening Doors tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25585#final 2020-03-19T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-20T10:55:36-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25585?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25585/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Careers in science, engineering, and medicine offer opportunities to advance knowledge, contribute to the well-being of communities, and support the security, prosperity, and health of the United States. But many women do not pursue or persist in these careers, or advance to leadership positions - not because they lack the talent or aspirations, but because they face barriers, including: implicit and explicit bias; sexual harassment; unequal access to funding and resources; pay inequity; higher teaching and advising loads; and fewer speaking invitations, among others.</p> <p>There are consequences from this underrepresentation of women for the nation as well: a labor shortage in many science, engineering, and medical professions that cannot be filled unless institutions and organizations recruit from a broad and diverse talent pool; lost opportunities for innovation and economic gain; and lost talent as a result of discrimination, unconscious bias, and sexual harassment.</p> <p><i>Promising Practices for Addressing the Underrepresentation of Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine</i> reviews and synthesizes existing research on policies, practices, programs, and other interventions for improving the recruitment, retention, and sustained advancement into leadership roles of women in these disciplines. This report makes actionable recommendations to leverage change and drive swift, coordinated improvements to the systems of education, research, and employment in order to improve both the representation and leadership of women.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25585">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/423'>Policy for Science and Technology</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/1lOBXaNKmdg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25585 Key Policy Challenges and Opportunities to Improve Care for People with Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders: Proceedings of a Workshop tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25690#prepub 2020-03-18T08:45:44-04:00 2020-03-18T08:45:56-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25690?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25690/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Behavioral health and substance use disorders affect approximately 20 percent of the U.S. population. Of those with a substance use disorder, approximately 60 percent also have a mental health disorder. Together, these disorders account for a substantial burden of disability, have been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality from other chronic illnesses, and can be risk factors for incarceration, homelessness, and death by suicide. In addition, they can compromise a person's ability to seek out and afford health care and adhere to treatment recommendations.</p> <p>To explore data, policies, practices, and systems that affect the diagnosis and provision of care for mental health and substance use disorders, the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine created the Forum on Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders. The forum activities are expected to advance the discussion and generate potential ideas on ways to address many of the most persistent problems in delivering mental health and substance use services. The inaugural workshop, held October 15-16, 2019, in Washington, DC, explored the key policy challenges that impede efforts to improve care for those individuals with mental health and substance use disorders. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25690">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/TAgDG73SEYw" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25690 Guide Specification for Service Life Design of Highway Bridges tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25672#final 2020-03-13T12:31:15-04:00 2020-03-13T12:31:15-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25672?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25672/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The majority of instances of explicit consideration of service life design has been limited to signature bridges and other projects where extended service lives (in other words, greater than 100 years) are specified by the owner. Many state departments of transportation and other transportation agencies have recognized the importance of implementing service life design for typical highway bridges; however, no specification or standard has been developed to date in the U.S.</p><p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Web-Only Document 269: Guide Specification for Service Life Design of Highway Bridges</em> provides a new guide specification on the service life design of highway bridges for adoption by AASHTO, including a set of case studies that demonstrate its application.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25672">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/muF-XmxHQs4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25672 Building Capacity for Teaching Engineering in K-12 Education tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25612#final 2020-03-13T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-16T08:19:18-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25612?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25612/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Engineering education is emerging as an important component of US K-12 education. Across the country, students in classrooms and after- and out-of-school programs are participating in hands-on, problem-focused learning activities using the engineering design process. These experiences can be engaging; support learning in other areas, such as science and mathematics; and provide a window into the important role of engineering in society. As the landscape of K-12 engineering education continues to grow and evolve, educators, administrators, and policy makers should consider the capacity of the US education system to meet current and anticipated needs for K-12 teachers of engineering.</p> <p><i>Building Capacity for Teaching Engineering in K-12 Education</i> reviews existing curricula and programs as well as related research to understand current and anticipated future needs for engineering-literate K-12 educators in the United States and determine how these needs might be addressed. Key topics in this report include the preparation of K-12 engineering educators, professional pathways for K-12 engineering educators, and the role of higher education in preparing engineering educators. This report proposes steps that stakeholders - including professional development providers, postsecondary preservice education programs, postsecondary engineering and engineering technology programs, formal and informal educator credentialing organizations, and the education and learning sciences research communities - might take to increase the number, skill level, and confidence of K-12 teachers of engineering in the United States.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25612">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/282'>Education</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/TbwtEVWpj4E" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25612 Temporomandibular Disorders: Priorities for Research and Care tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25652#prepub 2020-03-12T10:45:43-04:00 2020-03-12T10:46:00-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25652?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25652/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), are a set of more than 30 health disorders associated with both the temporomandibular joints and the muscles and tissues of the jaw. TMDs have a range of causes and often co-occur with a number of overlapping medical conditions, including headaches, fibromyalgia, back pain and irritable bowel syndrome. TMDs can be transient or long-lasting and may be associated with problems that range from an occasional click of the jaw to severe chronic pain involving the entire orofacial region. Everyday activities, including eating and talking, are often difficult for people with TMDs, and many of them suffer with severe chronic pain due to this condition. Common social activities that most people take for granted, such as smiling, laughing, and kissing, can become unbearable. This dysfunction and pain, and its associated suffering, take a terrible toll on affected individuals, their families, and their friends. Individuals with TMDs often feel stigmatized and invalidated in their experiences by their family, friends, and, often, the health care community. Misjudgments and a failure to understand the nature and depths of TMDs can have severe consequences - more pain and more suffering - for individuals, their families and our society.</p> <p><i>Temporomandibular Disorders: Priorities for Research and Care</i> calls on a number of stakeholders - across medicine, dentistry, and other fields - to improve the health and well-being of individuals with a TMD. This report addresses the current state of knowledge regarding TMD research, education and training, safety and efficacy of clinical treatments of TMDs, and burden and costs associated with TMDs. The recommendations of <i>Temporomandibular Disorders</i> focus on the actions that many organizations and agencies should take to improve TMD research and care and improve the overall health and well-being of individuals with a TMD.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25652">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/U8fABhKl-0o" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25652 Attracting, Retaining, and Advancing Women in Transit tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25741#final 2020-03-11T00:00:00-04:00 2020-03-05T17:52:22-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25741?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25741/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Women have traditionally been underrepresented within the transit workforce. However, the percentage of women within transit agencies appears to be increasing, and many transit agencies report that the percentage of women advancing into management and leadership positions has also been increasing over the past 5 years.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Synthesis 147: Attracting, Retaining, and Advancing Women in Transit</em> explores the strategies that have been deployed in transit and other related industries in order to attract, retain, and advance women in a variety of roles.</p> <p>A critical first step to ensure success in these areas is to remove barriers to entry and address challenges women face once employed.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25741">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/mEHtoQODZM8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25741 Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25744#prepub 2020-03-10T16:30:34-04:00 2020-03-10T16:30:34-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25744?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25744/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Extreme weather events and a changing climate increasingly boost costs to transportation agencies and to the traveling public. While Departments of Transportation (DOTs) are taking into account changing climate and extreme weather when making infrastructure decisions, they typically are not using a formal set of tools or cost-benefit analyses (CBAs) to address climate resilience because they may be too time-consuming and expensive to conduct routinely.</p> <p>This pre-publication draft of the TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 938: Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook</em> was developed to try to fill the gaps identified by DOTs. It is intended to provide a consolidated resource for transportation practitioners to be able to more readily consider CBAs as a tool in their investment-decision making processes when considering different climate and extreme weather adaptation alternatives.</p> <p>This report has additional resources, including a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_938Presentation.pptx">Power Point presentation</a> that describes the research and the results, a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_938Dataset1.xlsx">spreadsheet tool</a> that provides an approximate test to see if it would be cost-effective to upgrade assets to the future conditions posed by climate change, and a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_938Dataset2.xlsx">spreadsheet tool</a> that uses existing conditions without climate change only to calculate the new return period for future conditions with climate change.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25744">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/kVUNsog-ZJ8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25744 Guidebook for Detecting and Mitigating Low-Level DC Leakage and Fault Currents in Transit Systems tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25743#prepub 2020-03-10T15:51:31-04:00 2020-03-10T15:51:31-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25743?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25743/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Improving the reliability of railway electric systems and preventing electrical outages due to insulator flashover and insulation failure is difficult because of aging infrastructure and the lack of continuous monitoring of the state of the systems.</p> <p>The pre-publication draft of the TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Research Report 211: Guidebook for Detecting and Mitigating Low-Level DC Leakage and Fault Currents in Transit Systems</em> provides specifications for sensors being tested in the field and outlines their capabilities and appropriate operating conditions.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25743">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/0LjLbaip9GA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25743 Data Sharing Guidance for Public Transit Agencies – Now and in the Future tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25696#final 2020-03-06T08:30:03-05:00 2020-03-06T08:30:07-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25696?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25696/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transit agencies are beginning to harness the value of external data, but challenges remain.</p><p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's pre-publication draft of <em>TCRP Research Report 213: Data Sharing Guidance for Public Transit Agencies – Now and in the Future</em> is designed to help agencies make decisions about sharing their data, including how to evaluate benefits, costs, and risks.</p><p>Many transit agencies have realized benefits from sharing their internal data sets, ranging from improved customer information, to innovative research findings that help the transit agency improve performance.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25696">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/VEnRoQWrW2g" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25696 Road User Understanding of Bicycle Signal Faces on Traffic Signals tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25676#final 2020-03-06T08:23:15-05:00 2020-03-06T08:23:20-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25676?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25676/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Prior to 2013, the use of bicycle-specific signals in the U.S. was limited to a few jurisdictions. However, in recent years, the number of installations has grown rapidly. This research identified more than 500 intersections using bicycle signals in a variety of contexts.</p><p>Despite the recent approval and practice, the TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Web-Only Document 273: Road User Understanding of Bicycle Signal Faces on Traffic Signals</em> explores the questions that remain regarding road-user understanding of bicycle signals.</p><p>The objective of this research was to summarize and synthesize the U.S. experience with bicycle signal installations to identify any remaining gaps in understanding road-user comprehension and compliance with bicycle signals that could be effectively addressed through further research.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25676">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/bJoCujsrAOs" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25676 Public–Private Partnerships: What Are the Lessons Learned? tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25740#final 2020-03-05T14:26:14-05:00 2020-03-05T14:26:14-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25740?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25740/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>There are opportunities and challenges in implementing public–private partnerships at airports.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>Conference Proceedings on the Web 26: Public–Private Partnerships: What Are the Lessons Learned?</em> is a summary of the presentations and discussions at an ACRP Insight Event held July 10-11, 2019, in Washington, DC. </p> <p>These in-depth, face-to-face gatherings are designed to promote communication and collaboration, foster innovation, and help identify areas of future interest and research, especially for topics of emerging importance.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25740">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/oOPLsyGODYI" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25740 Guidance for Using the Interactive Tool for Understanding NEPA at General Aviation Airports tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25735#final 2020-03-04T00:00:00-05:00 2020-03-02T16:09:13-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25735?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25735/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Most general aviation (GA) airports are minimally staffed and rarely employ environmental specialists, and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) can be overwhelming to work through for those not familiar with the requirements.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Research Report 211: Guidance for Using the Interactive Tool for Understanding NEPA at General Aviation Airports</em>, and the accompanying <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_211Installer.zip">interactive tool</a> that was developed, will help airport staff from GA airports understand the NEPA process. The report provides an overview of NEPA, when it is applied, and the three levels of NEPA review. The tool will be helpful in better understanding the level of effort that may be required to comply with NEPA.</p> <p>An <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_211AppendixA.pdf" class="c1">annotated bibliography</a>, which was Appendix A to the Contractor’s Final Report, is also available.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25735">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/l4dkFpfQc4U" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25735 Multimodal Fare Payment Integration tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25734#final 2020-03-02T15:53:48-05:00 2020-03-02T15:53:48-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25734?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25734/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Nearly all transit agencies are seeing potential benefits to multimodal payment convergence. However, many agencies find that implementing necessary upgrades is cost-prohibitive, which is the biggest barrier to full adoption.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Synthesis 144: Multimodal Fare Payment Integration</em> documents current practices and experiences of transit agencies dealing with the complexities of multimodal fare payment convergence.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25734">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/PF4Q4riSwt4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25734 Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10027#final 2020-02-28T08:16:44-05:00 2020-02-28T08:17:05-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10027?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/10027/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <i>Second in a series of publications from the Institute of Medicine's Quality of Health Care in America project</i><br> <br> Today's health care providers have more research findings and more technology available to them than ever before. Yet recent reports have raised serious doubts about the quality of health care in America. <br> <br> <b>Crossing the Quality Chasm</b> makes an urgent call for fundamental change to close the quality gap. This book recommends a sweeping redesign of the American health care system and provides overarching principles for specific direction for policymakers, health care leaders, clinicians, regulators, purchasers, and others. In this comprehensive volume the committee offers: <br> <br><ul> <li>A set of performance expectations for the 21st century health care system. <li>A set of 10 new rules to guide patient-clinician relationships. <li>A suggested organizing framework to better align the incentives inherent in payment and accountability with improvements in quality. <li>Key steps to promote evidence-based practice and strengthen clinical information systems.</ul><br> Analyzing health care organizations as complex systems, <b>Crossing the Quality Chasm </b>also documents the causes of the quality gap, identifies current practices that impede quality care, and explores how systems approaches can be used to implement change. <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10027">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/jR_dgt9ETOs" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10027 Airport Environmental Research Roadmap Narrative Report tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25732#final 2020-02-28T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-25T10:19:13-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25732?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25732/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Current trends in the development of renewable energy resources, sustainable aviation biofuels, and zero emissions and waste initiatives, as well as new technologies provide new opportunities for airports to improve their environmental performance beyond what was possible in the past. Some challenges, like noise annoyance and air pollutant emissions, have persisted over time, while others are more recent challenges, such as accommodating electric vehicles.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Web-Only Document 45: Airport Environmental Research Roadmap Narrative Report</em> presents a five-year prioritized Research Roadmap that identifies gaps in knowledge and research ideas in the area of airport environmental management.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25732">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/6ZA2crXQt-8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25732 Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults: Opportunities for the Health Care System tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25663#prepub 2020-02-27T10:45:57-05:00 2020-02-27T10:46:07-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25663?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25663/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Social isolation and loneliness are serious yet underappreciated public health risks that affect a significant portion of the older adult population. Approximately one-quarter of community-dwelling Americans aged 65 and older are considered to be socially isolated, and a significant proportion of adults in the United States report feeling lonely. People who are 50 years of age or older are more likely to experience many of the risk factors that can cause or exacerbate social isolation or loneliness, such as living alone, the loss of family or friends, chronic illness, and sensory impairments. Over a life course, social isolation and loneliness may be episodic or chronic, depending upon an individual’s circumstances and perceptions.</p> <p>A substantial body of evidence demonstrates that social isolation presents a major risk for premature mortality, comparable to other risk factors such as high blood pressure, smoking, or obesity. As older adults are particularly high-volume and high-frequency users of the health care system, there is an opportunity for health care professionals to identify, prevent, and mitigate the adverse health impacts of social isolation and loneliness in older adults.</p> <p><i>Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults</i> summarizes the evidence base and explores how social isolation and loneliness affect health and quality of life in adults aged 50 and older, particularly among low income, underserved, and vulnerable populations. This report makes recommendations specifically for clinical settings of health care to identify those who suffer the resultant negative health impacts of social isolation and loneliness and target interventions to improve their social conditions. <i>Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults</i> considers clinical tools and methodologies, better education and training for the health care workforce, and dissemination and implementation that will be important for translating research into practice, especially as the evidence base for effective interventions continues to flourish.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25663">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/277'>Behavioral and Social Sciences</a> | <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/AQgYazXj37Q" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25663 Valuing Wildlife Crossings and Enhancements for Mitigation Credits tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25731#final 2020-02-27T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-25T10:55:52-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25731?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25731/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>There is mounting evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of wildlife overpasses and underpasses in improving motorist safety and conserving wildlife.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Web-Only Document 280: Valuing Wildlife Crossings and Enhancements for Mitigation Credits</em> synthesizes current practices used by state DOTs and their partners for calculating and applying mitigation credits for wildlife crossings and other connectivity enhancements that provide safe passage for wildlife across highways.</p> <p>Accompanying the report is a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_wod_280Presentation.ppt">Power Point presentation</a> entitled, "Valuing Wildlife Crossings and Enhancements for Mitigation Credits."</p> <p> </p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25731">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/e56wHpKx_Z0" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25731 Innovative Solutions to Facilitate Accessibility for Airport Travelers with Disabilities tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25728#final 2020-02-26T09:40:45-05:00 2020-02-26T09:40:45-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25728?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25728/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The airport industry has adopted specific design codes in response to state and federal regulatory requirements—including the Americans with Disabilities Act—to accommodate employees and travelers with disabilities. These design codes include general architectural guidelines and technology adapted for transportation facilities.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Research Report 210: Innovative Solutions to Facilitate Accessibility for Airport Travelers with Disabilities</em> outlines innovative solutions to facilitate accessibility for passengers with a variety of physical, sensory, and/or cognitive challenges.</p> <p>The report includes additional materials, including <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_210CaseStudy.pdf">case-study highlights</a> in Appendix A, a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_210Survey.pdf">user-needs survey</a> in Appendix B, and a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_210ChecklistIntro.pdf">Wayfinding Accessibility Audit Checklist</a>, which also includes a separate <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_210ChecklistIntro.pdf">introduction</a>.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25728">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/RlonuaX1TbQ" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25728 Promoting Positive Adolescent Health Behaviors and Outcomes: Thriving in the 21st Century tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25552#final 2020-02-21T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-25T09:32:00-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25552?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25552/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Adolescence is a critical growth period in which youth develop essential skills that prepare them for adulthood. Prevention and intervention programs are designed to meet the needs of adolescents who require additional support and promote healthy behaviors and outcomes. To ensure the success of these efforts, it is essential that they include reliably identifiable techniques, strategies, or practices that have been proven effective.</p> <p><i>Promoting Positive Adolescent Health Behaviors and Outcomes: Thriving in the 21st Century</i> identifies key program factors that can improve health outcomes related to adolescent behavior and provides evidence-based recommendations toward effective implementation of federal programming initiatives. This study explores normative adolescent development, the current landscape of adolescent risk behavior, core components of effective programs focused on optimal health, and recommendations for research, programs, and policies.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25552">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/277'>Behavioral and Social Sciences</a> | <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/0GKRQV_zScg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25552 Minutes Matter: A Bus Transit Service Reliability Guidebook tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25727#prepub 2020-02-20T13:58:46-05:00 2020-02-20T13:58:46-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25727?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25727/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transit reliability is critical to the operation and attractiveness of public transportation services. With the current unprecedented evolution in transportation services, including new competition from mobility service providers such as Uber and Lyft, improving transit reliability has taken on an even greater level of importance.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's pre-publication draft of <em>TCRP Research Report 215: Minutes Matter: A Bus Transit Service Reliability Guidebook</em> details eight steps that a transit agency can undertake to develop and maintain a Reliability Improvement Program.</p> <p>There is also a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_215Presentation.pptx">Power Point presentation</a> that provides an overview of the project accompanying the report.</p> <p> </p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25727">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/z5KeU64A4gg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25727 Legal Issues Related to Large-Scale Airport Construction Projects tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25723#final 2020-02-20T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-14T13:17:59-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25723?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25723/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Large-scale, complex airport construction projects have the same issues as construction projects on a smaller scale, but they present a series of specialized legal issues.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Legal Research Digest 38: Legal Issues Related to Large-Scale Airport Construction Projects</em> focuses on those legal issues causing the most significant risks during planning, design, permitting, procurement, and construction.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25723">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/M_JhjKa70QE" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25723 Management of Legionella in Water Systems tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25474#final 2020-02-20T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-25T09:09:30-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25474?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25474/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Legionnaires’ disease, a pneumonia caused by the <i>Legionella</i> bacterium, is the leading cause of reported waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States. <i>Legionella</i> occur naturally in water from many different environmental sources, but grow rapidly in the warm, stagnant conditions that can be found in engineered water systems such as cooling towers, building plumbing, and hot tubs. Humans are primarily exposed to <i>Legionella</i> through inhalation of contaminated aerosols into the respiratory system. Legionnaires’ disease can be fatal, with between 3 and 33 percent of <i>Legionella</i> infections leading to death, and studies show the incidence of Legionnaires’ disease in the United States increased five-fold from 2000 to 2017.</p> <p><i>Management of Legionella in Water Systems</i> reviews the state of science on <i>Legionella</i> contamination of water systems, specifically the ecology and diagnosis. This report explores the process of transmission via water systems, quantification, prevention and control, and policy and training issues that affect the incidence of Legionnaires’ disease. It also analyzes existing knowledge gaps and recommends research priorities moving forward.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25474">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a> | <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/281'>Earth Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/bOVkvLBSCbA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25474 Analysis of Recent Public Transit Ridership Trends tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25635#prepub 2020-02-19T00:00:00-05:00 2019-11-13T15:08:48-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25635?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25635/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transit ridership is down across all modes except commuter rail and demand response. Bus ridership is down the most in mid-size cities (populations of 200,000 – 500,000), and, after six years of consecutive decline, it is at its lowest point overall since the 1970s.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Research Report 209: Analysis of Recent Public Transit Ridership Trends</em> presents a current snapshot of public transit ridership trends in the U.S. on bus and rail services in urban and suburban areas, focusing on what has changed in the past several years. It also explores and presents strategies that transit agencies are considering and using for all transit modes in response to changes in ridership.</p> <p>Ten case studies are included to better understand individual strategies transit agencies are using to mitigate ridership losses and increase ridership overall. Seven of the 10 transit agencies investigated in the case studies followed the trend, with ridership increases between 2012 and 2015 followed by steady decreases in ridership. Generally, on-time performance has been improving, although it is not causing transit ridership to increase.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25635">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/_hdkJN_RvMY" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25635 Potential Section 106 Exempted Categories or Program Comments for Federal Highway Administration Projects: National Streamlining Opportunities tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25722#final 2020-02-18T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-14T15:11:59-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25722?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25722/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) requires transportation agencies to consider the effects of their undertakings on historic resources when those undertakings are federally funded. Section 106 of the NHPA also allows for the use of Program Alternatives to tailor compliance, potentially streamlining Section 106 evaluations for commonly encountered categories of historic resources.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Web-Only Document 275: Potential Section 106 Exempted Categories or Program Comments for Federal Highway Administration Projects: National Streamlining Opportunities</em> examines the use of Program Alternatives by state departments of transportation and explores potential opportunities for additional Program Alternatives.</p> <p>There is also a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_wod_275Presentation.pptx">presentation</a> accompanying the report.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25722">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/QmEl1B4Ke7g" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25722 Workforce Optimization Workbook for Transportation Construction Projects tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25720#final 2020-02-14T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-11T13:20:20-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25720?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25720/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>State transportation agencies are increasingly tasked with doing more with less in managing highway transportation networks.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 923: Workforce Optimization Workbook for Transportation Construction Projects</em> provides state transportation agencies with guidance to identify their construction staffing needs and how to best allocate their state or consultant engineering and inspection staff and consultant resources to highway construction projects. The guidance provides 35 specific staffing strategies that may help alleviate construction staff challenges.</p> <p>There are also an associated <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_923Spreadsheet.xlsm">e-Workforce Optimization Workbook (e-WOW) spreadsheet</a> and a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_923UserGuide.pdf">User Guide</a>.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25720">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/g5Wf6KXkmx0" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25720 Evaluation of PEPFAR's Contribution (2012-2017) to Rwanda's Human Resources for Health Program tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25687#prepub 2020-02-13T10:45:41-05:00 2020-02-13T10:45:57-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25687?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25687/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Since 2004, the U.S. government has supported the global response to HIV/AIDS through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). The Republic of Rwanda, a PEPFAR partner country since the initiative began, has made gains in its HIV response, including increased access to and coverage of antiretroviral therapy and decreased HIV prevalence. However, a persistent shortage in human resources for health (HRH) affects the health of people living with HIV and the entire Rwandan population.</p> <p>Recognizing HRH capabilities as a foundational challenge for the health system and the response to HIV, the Government of Rwanda worked with PEPFAR and other partners to develop a program to strengthen institutional capacity in health professional education and thereby increase the production of high-quality health workers. The Program was fully managed by the Government of Rwanda and was designed to run from 2011 through 2019. PEPFAR initiated funding in 2012. In 2015, PEPFAR adopted a new strategy focused on high-burden geographic areas and key populations, resulting in a reconfiguration of its HIV portfolio in Rwanda and a decision to cease funding the Program, which was determined no longer core to its programming strategy. The last disbursement for the Program from PEPFAR was in 2017.</p> <p><i>Evaluation of PEPFAR's Contribution (2012-2017) to Rwanda's Human Resources for Health Program</i> evaluates the HRH Program to understand how PEPFAR's investment affected morbidity and mortality outcomes for people living with HIV. This study describes PEPFAR investments in HRH in Rwanda over time, including its support for Ministry of Health efforts to address HRH needs and the broader context in which these investments were made; describes PEPFAR-supported HRH activities in Rwanda in relation to programmatic priorities, outputs, and outcomes; examines the impact of PEPFAR funding for the HRH Program on HRH outcomes and on patient- or population-level HIV-related outcomes; and provides recommendations to inform future HRH investments that would support people living with HIV and advance PEPFAR's mission.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25687">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/nl8mAUa2iyU" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25687 Changing Expectations for the K-12 Teacher Workforce: Policies, Preservice Education, Professional Development, and the Workplace tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25603#prepub 2020-02-12T10:45:42-05:00 2020-02-12T10:46:25-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25603?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25603/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Teachers play a critical role in the success of their students, both academically and in regard to long term outcomes such as higher education participation and economic attainment. Expectations for teachers are increasing due to changing learning standards and a rapidly diversifying student population. At the same time, there are perceptions that the teaching workforce may be shifting toward a younger and less experienced demographic. These actual and perceived changes raise important questions about the ways teacher education may need to evolve in order to ensure that educators are able to meet the needs of students and provide them with classroom experiences that will put them on the path to future success.</p> <p><i>Changing Expectations for the K-12 Teacher Workforce: Policies, Preservice Education, Professional Development, and the Workplace</i> explores the impact of the changing landscape of K-12 education and the potential for expansion of effective models, programs, and practices for teacher education. This report explores factors that contribute to understanding the current teacher workforce, changing expectations for teaching and learning, trends and developments in the teacher labor market, preservice teacher education, and opportunities for learning in the workplace and in-service professional development.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25603">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/282'>Education</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/DXCFAAdnbJk" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25603 Neuroscience Data in the Cloud: Opportunities and Challenges: Proceedings of a Workshop tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25653#prepub 2020-02-12T08:45:41-05:00 2020-02-12T08:45:47-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25653?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25653/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>The cloud model of data sharing has led to a vast increase in the quantity and complexity of data and expanded access to these data, which has attracted many more researchers, enabled multi-national neuroscience collaborations, and facilitated the development of many new tools. Yet, the cloud model has also produced new challenges related to data storage, organization, and protection. Merely switching the technical infrastructure from local repositories to cloud repositories is not enough to optimize data use.</p> <p>To explore the burgeoning use of cloud computing in neuroscience, the National Academies Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders hosted a workshop on September 24, 2019. A broad range of stakeholders involved in cloud-based neuroscience initiatives and research explored the use of cloud technology to advance neuroscience research and shared approaches to address current barriers. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25653">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/rYvOgqzrOVY" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25653 Estimating Market Value and Establishing Market Rent at Small Airports tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25719#final 2020-02-11T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-07T14:21:48-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25719?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25719/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Staff from smaller airports typically lack specialized expertise in the negotiation and development of airport property or the resources to hire consultants.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Research Report 213: Estimating Market Value and Establishing Market Rent at Small Airports</em> provides airport management, policymakers, and staff a resource for developing and leasing airport land and improvements, methodologies for determining market value and appropriate rents, and best practices for negotiating and re-evaluating current lease agreements.</p> <p>There are many factors that can go into the analysis, and this report reviews best practices in property development.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25719">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/UjZLpJmGt3w" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25719 Public–Private Partnerships: What Are the Lessons Learned? tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25718#final 2020-02-10T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-07T14:37:17-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25718?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25718/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>There are opportunities and challenges in implementing public–private partnerships at airports.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>Conference Proceedings on the Web 26: Public–Private Partnerships: What Are the Lessons Learned?</em> is a summary of the presentations and discussions at an ACRP Insight Event held July 10-11, 2019, in Washington, DC. </p> <p>These in-depth, face-to-face gatherings are designed to promote communication and collaboration, foster innovation, and help identify areas of future interest and research, especially for topics of emerging importance.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25718">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/w9zDp4c8E6M" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25718 Current Practices in the Use of Onboard Technologies to Avoid Transit Bus Incidents and Accidents tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25716#final 2020-02-07T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-04T17:20:35-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25716?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25716/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transit agencies around the country are facing the challenges of reducing transit bus collisions and the injuries, fatalities, and liability expenses associated with these collisions.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Synthesis 145: Current Practices in the Use of Onboard Technologies to Avoid Transit Bus Incidents and Accidents documents the current practices in the use of the various onboard technologies on transit buses to prevent incidents and accidents, with a primary objective of determining whether these technologies are effective in actual practice.</p> <p>The examination shows that many transit agencies are proactively instituting a number of approaches to address these collisions, including the piloting and use of collision avoidance technologies, such as forward collision warning (FCW), emergency braking, lane departure warning (LDW), and electronic stability control (ESC).</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25716">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/4zyoDyoWjfA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25716 Birth Settings in America: Outcomes, Quality, Access, and Choice tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25636#prepub 2020-02-06T12:45:41-05:00 2020-02-28T13:31:02-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25636?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25636/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>The delivery of high quality and equitable care for both mothers and newborns is complex and requires efforts across many sectors. The United States spends more on childbirth than any other country in the world, yet outcomes are worse than other high-resource countries, and even worse for Black and Native American women. There are a variety of factors that influence childbirth, including social determinants such as income, educational levels, access to care, financing, transportation, structural racism and geographic variability in birth settings. It is important to reevaluate the United States' approach to maternal and newborn care through the lens of these factors across multiple disciplines.</p> <p><i>Birth Settings in America: Outcomes, Quality, Access, and Choice</i> reviews and evaluates maternal and newborn care in the United States, the epidemiology of social and clinical risks in pregnancy and childbirth, birth settings research, and access to and choice of birth settings.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25636">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/277'>Behavioral and Social Sciences</a> | <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/q0uoGlL0MyE" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25636 Foreseeing the Impact of Transformational Technologies on Land Use and Transportation tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25580#final 2020-02-06T00:00:00-05:00 2019-09-24T16:27:28-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25580?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25580/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Examples of transformational technologies—many are discussed in technical and popular media—include wireless telecommunications, shared vehicles, connected vehicles, fully autonomous vehicles, alternative-fuel vehicles, smart cities and communities, big data analytics, internet-of-things, as well as UAVs or drones, 3-D printing, and more.</p> <p>Public agencies face significant challenges continuing to perform their governmental functions in the face of the private sector’s prodigious output of these new technologies. Agencies need to rethink how they develop their policies and plans—and they need to obtain new expertise.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em class="c1">NCHRP Research Report 924: Foreseeing the Impact of Transformational Technologies on Land Use and Transportation</em> reviews the characteristics of new transportation-related technologies and their applications in the transportation sector and explores a wide variety of potential impacts on areas such as travel and land use and planning projects.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25580">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/0eYSuzBqky8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25580 Airport Risk Identification and Prioritization Practices tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25714#final 2020-02-05T00:00:00-05:00 2020-02-03T13:54:42-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25714?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25714/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Airports are using tools that help them identify risks within their environment. Most airports are providing a means to report risk. Smaller airports use low-cost options such as email, a 24/7 phone number, or a suggestion box. Larger airports have embraced safety management or enterprise risk management programs that include more expensive reporting and tracking systems.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Synthesis 106: Airport Risk Identification and Prioritization Practices</em> provides information about the existing tools that airports use for identifying common hazards and the processes used for measuring, monitoring, and prioritizing the associated risks.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25714">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/z_7Cc0znm0E" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25714 Zero Emission Vehicles: Forecasting Fleet Scenarios and their Emissions Implications tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25709#final 2020-02-01T00:00:00-05:00 2020-01-31T10:21:36-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25709?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25709/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Vehicle electrification is one of the emerging and potentially disruptive technologies that are being considered to reduce emissions of criteria pollutants, mobile source air toxics (MSATs), and greenhouse gases (GHGs) from motor vehicles.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Web-Only Document 274: Zero Emission Vehicles: Forecasting Fleet Scenarios and their Emissions Implications</em> analyzes a set of scenarios of infrastructure development, policy changes, and cost parameters, with a suite of 49 simulations across those scenarios conducted to assess their impact on nationwide zero emission vehicle (ZEV) adoption and the corresponding levels of exhaust emissions.</p> <p>The model used in the scenarios analysis is a consumer choice model that estimates future sales, populations, and fuel consumption of advanced technology vehicles (ATVs), including ZEVs.</p> <p>There is also a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_wod_274Presentation.pptx">Power Point presentation</a> accompanying the document.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25709">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/gnUXjNfmUCM" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25709 Sustainable Highway Construction tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25708#final 2020-01-31T00:00:00-05:00 2020-01-29T17:27:20-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25708?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25708/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>A programmatic approach to sustainable materials procurement in highway construction may be better than one-off attempts. For now, there is little guidance on procuring sustainability in highway construction and sustainability is not as important as cost or schedule.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Web-Only Document 262: Sustainable Highway Construction</em> describes the research process and outcomes used to develop <em><a href="http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/180217.aspx">NCHRP Research Report 916: Sustainable Highway Construction Guidebook</a> </em>and a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_916PresentationOutline.pptx">presentation</a> that accompanies that Guidebook.</p> <p>The Web-Only Document is also accompanied by a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_wod_262Presentation.pptx">presentation</a> of the materials.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25708">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/RcT40tyVZuk" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25708 Snow Avalanche Hazards and Mitigation in the United States tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/1571#final 2020-01-30T13:52:14-05:00 2020-01-30T13:52:23-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/1571?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/1571/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> The present mortality as a result of snow avalanches exceeds the average mortality caused by earthquakes as well as all other forms of slope failure combined. Snow avalanches can range from small amounts of loose snow moving rapidly down a slope to slab avalanches, in which large chunks of snow break off and destroy everything in their path. Although considered a hazard in the United States since the westward expansion in the nineteenth century, in modern times snow avalanches are an increasing concern in recreational mountainous areas. However, programs for snow avalanche hazard mitigation in other countries are far ahead of those in the United States.<br>The book identifies several steps that should be taken by the United States in order to establish guidelines for research, technology transfer, and avalanche legislation and zoning.<br> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/1571">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/281'>Earth Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/xcWOyflAeBM" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/1571 Stormwater Infiltration in the Highway Environment: Guidance Manual tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25705#final 2020-01-30T00:00:00-05:00 2020-01-28T15:29:04-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25705?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25705/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The infiltration approach to stormwater management involves the design, construction, and operation of engineered systems that infiltrate stormwater runoff into soils. These systems, referred to as “infiltration best management practices (BMPs),” are intended to reduce the volume of stormwater runoff and associated pollutants that discharge to stormwater systems and receiving waters via surface runoff.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 922: Stormwater Infiltration in the Highway Environment: Guidance Manual</em> supports evaluation, selection, siting, design, and construction of infiltration BMPs in the highway environment. It is also intended to identify limitations on the use of infiltration and determine the need for alternative non-infiltration-based stormwater management approaches.</p> <p>Additional resources for the guide include:</p> <ul> <li>A <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922Presentation.pptx">Power Point presentation</a> summarizing the project</li> <li>Appendix A: Infiltration BMP Fact Sheets</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixB.pdf">Appendix B</a>: Infiltration Estimation Method Selection and Interpretation Guide</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixC.pdf">Appendix C</a>: Roadside BMP Groundwater Mounding Assessment Guide and User Tool (<a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixCTool.xlsm">Excel-based tool</a>)</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixD.pdf">Appendix D</a>: Guide for Assessing Potential Impacts of Highway Stormwater Infiltration on Water Balance and Groundwater Quality in Roadway Environments (<a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixDTool.xlsm">Excel-based tool</a>)</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixE.pdf">Appendix E</a>: Guide to Geotechnical Considerations Associated with Stormwater Infiltration Features in Urban Highway Design</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixF.pdf">Appendix F</a>: BMP Clogging Risk Assessment Tool (<a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixFTool.xlsm">Excel-based tool</a>)</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixG.pdf">Appendix G</a>: Whole Lifecycle Cost and Performance Example</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixH.pdf">Appendix H</a>: Example Construction-Phase Checklists for Inspector and Contractor Training</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixI.pdf">Appendix I</a>: Summary of Infiltration Issues Related to Cold and Arid Climates</li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_922AppendixJ.pdf">Appendix J</a>: BMP Case Study Reports</li> </ul> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25705">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/Fb0NwV6rSuA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25705 Concrete Technology for Transportation Applications tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25701#final 2020-01-29T00:00:00-05:00 2020-01-24T13:26:44-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25701?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25701/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The past few years have seen some significant advances in concrete technology. For example, newer concrete incorporating advances in admixtures and cementitious materials has emerged.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Synthesis 544: Concrete Technology for Transportation Applications</em> documents how state departments of transportation select and deploy concrete technologies in the construction of transportation facilities.</p> <p>Concrete technology is also facing some emerging challenges that need to be addressed. These challenges include the present or future depletion of high-quality aggregates in some parts of the country, changes to power generating plants that will reduce the supply and consistency of acceptable fly ashes, and the incorporation of reclaimed or traditionally landfilled materials such as recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) into concrete.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25701">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/nAFPfD3pTOA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25701 Integrity in Scientific Research: Creating an Environment That Promotes Responsible Conduct tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10430#final 2020-01-27T07:45:47-05:00 2020-01-27T07:46:15-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10430?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/10430/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> "Many people say that it is the intellect which makes a great scientist. They are wrong: it is character." -- Albert Einstein<br><br> <b>Integrity in Scientific Research</b> attempts to define and describe those elements that encourage individuals involved with scientific research to act with integrity.<br><br> Recognizing the inconsistency of human behavior, it stresses the important role that research institutions play in providing an integrity--rich environment, citing the need for institutions to provide staff with training and education, policies and procedures, and tools and support systems. It identifies practices that characterize integrity in such areas as peer review and research on human subjects and weighs the strengths and limitations of self--evaluation efforts by these institutions. In addition, it details an approach to promoting integrity during the education of researchers, including how to develop an effective curriculum. Providing a framework for research and educational institutions, this important book will be essential for anyone concerned about ethics in the scientific community. <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10430">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/423'>Policy for Science and Technology</a> | <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/282'>Education</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/hfSOxnsSkzU" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10430 Sustainable Highway Construction Guidebook tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25698#final 2020-01-27T00:00:00-05:00 2020-01-23T18:25:18-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25698?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25698/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Sustainability is often an element that informs decisions made during the planning, programming, and design phases of highway construction projects. However, the construction phase of a highway project is also an opportunity to advance sustainability.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 916: Sustainable Highway Construction Guidebook</em> provides clear and practical information on what constitutes sustainability in the context of highway construction and how to evaluate any proposed construction practice for its sustainability potential.</p> <p>The guidebook supports implementation by describing ways to explicitly advance sustainability in procurement and contracting and how to develop a sustainability management plan for the construction phase.</p> <p>An overview of NCHRP Research Report 916 is provided in this <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_916PresentationOutline.pptx">PowerPoint presentation</a>. A separate publication, <em><a href="http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/180231.aspx">NCHRP Web-Only Document 262: Sustainable Highway Construction</a></em>, describes the research process and outcomes used to develop NCHRP Research Report 916.</p> <p>A summary of NCHRP Web-Only Document 262 is provided in this <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_916PresentationResearch.pptx">PowerPoint presentation</a>.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25698">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/TdubE3K2Ot0" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25698 Guide to Calculating Ownership and Operating Costs of Department of Transportation Vehicles and Equipment: An Accounting Perspective tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25700#prepub 2020-01-24T14:59:17-05:00 2020-01-24T14:59:17-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25700?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25700/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>A central role of a state Department of Transportation (DOT) fleet manager is to maintain a clear understanding of the fleet’s costs. This helps in tracking activities over time, comparing costs with other fleets, communicating with stakeholders, and effectively managing fleet assets.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's pre-publication draft of <em>NCHRP Research Report 944: Guide to Calculating Ownership and Operating Costs of Department of Transportation Vehicles and Equipment: An Accounting Perspective</em> provides a practical, logical, and transparent framework for conducting fleet cost accounting in state DOTs. The Guide focuses on the unique aspects of DOT fleets, although the principles in the Guide could be extended to any public fleet.</p> <p>Without a complete understanding of fleet costs, the fundamental functions of fleet managers—such as equipment replacement decisions, outsourcing decisions, and budget requests—are diminished. Ultimately, fleet managers need full confidence in their fleet cost numbers to have credibility with fleet stakeholders.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25700">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/McPv6TmvQI0" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25700 Opportunities to Improve Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Disease Services: Integrating Responses to a Dual Epidemic tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25626#prepub 2020-01-23T10:45:39-05:00 2020-01-23T10:46:00-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25626?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25626/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Opioid use and infectious diseases are intertwined epidemics. Despite the fact that the United States is more than two decades into the opioid crisis - the cause of tens of thousands of deaths every year on its own - the health system has not sufficiently addressed the morbidity and mortality of drug use coupled with infectious diseases. This is at least in part due to traditional models of substance use disorder care wherein substance use disorder treatment is delivered independently of other medical care, thereby inhibiting the delivery of comprehensive care. As a result, the United States is experiencing a drastic increase in infectious diseases that spread with drug use.</p> <p><i>Opportunities to Improve Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Disease Services</i> examines current efforts to integrate care and describes barriers, such as inadequate workforce and training; lack of data integration and sharing; and stigma among people who use drugs and have also been diagnosed with an infectious disease. The conclusions and recommendations of this report will help to promote patient-centered, integrated programs to address this dual epidemic.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25626">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/iKzliKnT7xA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25626 Guidance for Calculating the Return on Investment in Transit State of Good Repair tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25629#final 2020-01-22T17:24:34-05:00 2020-01-22T17:24:34-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25629?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25629/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transit state of good repair (SGR) is a critical area within the U.S. transit industry. All transit agencies, large or small, regardless of region of the country or modes operated, face challenges in maintaining their physical assets in good repair, and many are in a situation where the funds available for rehabilitating and replacing existing capital assets are insufficient for achieving SGR.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Research Report 206: Guidance for Calculating the Return on Investment in Transit State of Good Repair</em> addresses transit agency, user, and social costs and benefits of SGR investments. The report presents an analysis methodology that utilizes and builds upon previous research performed through the Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) presented in TCRP Reports 157 and 198. The guidance (presented in Chapter 3) walks through the steps for calculating the ROI for a potential investment or set of investments.</p> <p>A key product of the research is a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_206ROI_Calculator.xlsx">spreadsheet tool</a> intended for transit agency use. It is discussed in Chapter 4.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25629">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/_xUHTq9KT1A" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25629 Improving Undergraduate Instruction in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics: Report of a Workshop tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10711#final 2020-01-22T08:34:03-05:00 2020-01-22T08:34:14-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10711?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/10711/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> Participants in this workshop were asked to explore three related questions: (1) how to create measures of undergraduate learning in STEM courses; (2) how such measures might be organized into a framework of criteria and benchmarks to assess instruction; and (3) how such a framework might be used at the institutional level to assess STEM courses and curricula to promote ongoing improvements. The following issues were highlighted: <UL> <LI>Effective science instruction identifies explicit, measurable learning objectives.</LI> <LI>Effective teaching assists students in reconciling their incomplete or erroneous preconceptions with new knowledge.</LI> <LI>Instruction that is limited to passive delivery of information requiring memorization of lecture and text contents is likely to be unsuccessful in eliciting desired learning outcomes.</LI> <LI>Models of effective instruction that promote conceptual understanding in students and the ability of the learner to apply knowledge in new situations are available.</LI> <LI>Institutions need better assessment tools for evaluating course design and effective instruction.</LI> <LI>Deans and department chairs often fail to recognize measures they have at their disposal to enhance incentives for improving education.</LI> <LI>Much is still to be learned from research into how to improve instruction in ways that enhance student learning.</LI> <P> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10711">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/282'>Education</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/GD2ZNsEIadg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10711 Measuring Poverty: A New Approach tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/4759#final 2020-01-22T08:18:39-05:00 2020-01-22T08:19:25-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/4759?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/4759/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> Each year's poverty figures are anxiously awaited by policymakers, analysts, and the media. Yet questions are increasing about the 30-year-old measure as social and economic conditions change.<br>In <B>Measuring Poverty</B> a distinguished panel provides policymakers with an up-to-date evaluation of<br><ul><li>Concepts and procedures for deriving the poverty threshold, including adjustments for different family circumstances.<br><li>Definitions of family resources.<br><li>Procedures for annual updates of poverty measures.<br></ul>The volume explores specific issues underlying the poverty measure, analyzes the likely effects of any changes on poverty rates, and discusses the impact on eligibility for public benefits. In supporting its recommendations the panel provides insightful recognition of the political and social dimensions of this key economic indicator.<br><B>Measuring Poverty</B> will be important to government officials, policy analysts, statisticians, economists, researchers, and others involved in virtually all poverty and social welfare issues.<br><br> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/4759">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/289'>Industry and Labor</a> | <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a> | <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/277'>Behavioral and Social Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/JBjbTuHGMf4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/4759 Meeting Psychosocial Needs of Women with Breast Cancer tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10909#final 2020-01-22T08:01:59-05:00 2020-01-22T08:02:25-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10909?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/10909/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <P>In <i>Meeting Psychosocial Needs of Women with Breast Cancer</i>, the National Cancer Policy Board of the Institute of Medicine examines the psychosocial consequences of the cancer experience. The book focuses specifically on breast cancer in women because this group has the largest survivor population (over 2 million) and this disease is the most extensively studied cancer from the standpoint of psychosocial effects. The book characterizes the psychosocial consequences of a diagnosis of breast cancer, describes psychosocial services and how they are delivered, and evaluates their effectiveness. It assesses the status of professional education and training and applied clinical and health services research and proposes policies to improve the quality of care and quality of life for women with breast cancer and their families. Because cancer of the breast is likely a good model for cancer at other sites, recommendations for this cancer should be applicable to the psychosocial care provided generally to individuals with cancer. For breast cancer, and indeed probably for any cancer, the report finds that psychosocial services can provide significant benefits in quality of life and success in coping with serious and life-threatening disease for patients and their families.</P> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10909">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/v23VvWpwLMY" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/10909 Hazards: Technology and Fairness tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/650#final 2020-01-22T07:52:36-05:00 2020-01-22T07:52:59-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/650?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/650/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> "In the burgeoning literature on technological hazards, this volume is one of the best," states <I>Choice</I> in a three-part approach, it addresses the moral, scientific, social, and commercial questions inherent in hazards management. Part I discusses how best to regulate hazards arising from chronic, low-level exposures and from low-probability events when science is unable to assign causes or estimate consequences of such hazards; Part II examines fairness in the distribution of risks and benefits of potentially hazardous technologies; and Part III presents practical lessons and cautions about managing hazardous technologies. Together, the three sections put hazard management into perspective, providing a broad spectrum of views and information.<br> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/650">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/285'>Environment and Environmental Studies</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/iLdtBML4dho" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/650 Evaluating the Suitability of Roadway Corridors for Use by Monarch Butterflies tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25693#prepub 2020-01-21T14:32:08-05:00 2020-01-21T14:32:08-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25693?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25693/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>The charismatic and familiar monarch butterfly serves as a flagship species for pollinator conservation, and gives rights-of-way entities opportunities to engage a diverse array of stakeholders who are invested in not only restoring monarch numbers to sustainable levels, but also mitigating many other environmental and economic issues.</p> <p>This pre-publication draft of the TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 942 Pre-Pub: Evaluating the Suitability of Roadway Corridors for Use by Monarch Butterflies</em> examines the potential for roadway corridors to provide habitat for monarch butterflies and developed tools for roadside managers to optimize potential habitat for monarch butterflies in their road rights-of-way.</p> <p>As part of the project, several products were developed, all of which are available to interested departments of transportation.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25693">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/WK-Deb-eU2o" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25693 Guidebooks for Post-Award Contract Administration for Highway Projects Delivered Using Alternative Contracting Methods, Volume 3: Research Overview tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25692#prepub 2020-01-21T13:31:08-05:00 2020-01-21T13:31:08-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25692?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25692/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>The use of alternative contracting methods (ACMs) has accelerated the delivery of highway design and construction projects. These changes came about through efforts of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and state agencies over the last 30 years.</p> <p>This pre-publication draft of the TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 939: Guidebooks for Post-Award Contract Administration for Highway Projects Delivered Using Alternative Contracting Methods, Volume 3: Research Overview</em> provides the necessary methods and tools to help state agencies better administer Design–Build (D-B) and construction manager–general contractor (CM-GC) contracts on highway construction projects.</p> <p>This Research Report documents the rigorous process followed to produce these two Guidebooks.</p> <p>Vol. 1, on <a href="http://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/180179.aspx" class="c1">design-build delivery</a>, and Vol. 2, on <a href="http://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/180183.aspx">construction manager–general contractor delivery</a>, are also available.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25692">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/pD4MURXY27w" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25692 Guidebooks for Post-Award Contract Administration for Highway Projects Delivered Using Alternative Contracting Methods, Volume 1: Design–Build Delivery tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25686#prepub 2020-01-21T13:27:26-05:00 2020-01-21T13:27:26-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25686?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25686/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>The transportation industry has a need for contract administration guidance.</p> <p>This pre-publication draft of the TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 939: Guidebooks for Post-Award Contract Administration for Highway Projects Delivered Using Alternative Contracting Methods, Volume 1: Design–Build Delivery</em> provides a practitioner’s guide for construction administration on Design–Build (D-B) projects. Whether an agency is using the D-B contracting method for the first time or has significant experience with the method, this Guidebook provides useful strategies and tools to support D-B project administration. Highway agency personnel are the audience for the Guidebook.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25686">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/HTPaV5SmRWE" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25686 Evaluation of Applications to Carry Out Research to Determine the Taxonomy of Wild Canids in the Southeastern United States tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25661#final 2020-01-21T11:45:40-05:00 2020-01-21T11:45:44-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25661?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25661/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to develop a request for applications, "Research to determine the taxonomy of wild canid populations in regions of the United States where recent evidence suggests the potential presence of red wolves (Canis rufus)," and to conduct an independent evaluation of the submitted applications. This letter report describes the work of the committee and transmits the final evaluation of applications to carry out research.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25661">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/278'>Biology and Life Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/Js8OiacUS5I" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25661 Strategic Communications to Improve Support for Transit-Priority Projects: Report and Toolkit tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25506#final 2020-01-21T00:00:00-05:00 2019-07-09T08:23:08-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25506?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25506/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transit-priority projects seek to improve transit service quality and mobility and to increase transit ridership.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Research Report 208: Strategic Communications to Improve Support for Transit-Priority Projects: Report and Toolkit</em> presents and analyzes the communication approaches used by cities and transit agencies in the delivery of transit-priority projects and the factors that make certain approaches more or less effective.</p> <p>Some of the findings include: identify key stakeholders early in the project planning process, develop a coordinated strategic communications plan that targets stakeholder groups, and commit to strategic communications throughout a project life-cycle.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25506">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/pbzHQ9RENa4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25506 Active Tectonics: Impact on Society tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/624#final 2020-01-17T08:11:59-05:00 2020-01-17T08:12:33-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/624?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/624/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> Over 250,000 people were killed in the Tangshan, China earthquake of 1976, and other less active tectonic processes can disrupt river channels or have a grave impact on repositories of radioactive wastes. Since tectonic processes can be critical to many human activities, the Geophysics Study Committee Panel on Active Tectonics has presented an evaluation of the current state of knowledge about tectonic events, which include not only earthquakes but volcanic eruptions and similar events. This book addresses three main topics: the tectonic processes and their rates, methods of identifying and evaluating active tectonics, and the effects of active tectonics on society.<br> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/624">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/281'>Earth Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/FZB8vM8C1AE" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/624 Case Studies in Cross-Asset, Multi-Objective Resource Allocation tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25684#final 2020-01-15T00:00:00-05:00 2020-01-14T12:22:22-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25684?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25684/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transportation agencies face a complex set of challenges as they make cross-asset resource allocation decisions. Such decisions entail deciding how much to invest in an agency’s roads, bridges, intelligent transportation systems (ITS), and other traffic and safety assets to achieve a variety of competing objectives, such as improving pavement and bridge conditions, increasing mobility, and enhancing safety.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 921: Case Studies in Cross-Asset, Multi-Objective Resource Allocation</em> extends and implements the results of <em><a href="http://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/172356.aspx">NCHRP Report 806: Cross-AssetResource Allocation and the Impact on System Performance</a></em>. Case studies were used to illustrate key issues in implementing a cross-asset resource allocation approach, and the lessons learned were then used to improve the guidance and tools developed in NCHRP Report 806.</p> <p>In addition, a web tool was developed to enable the use of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) in the optimization step of the implementation process and to demonstrate use of a web service that transportation agencies can use in their own web applications to automate DEA analysis.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25684">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/Bt5xRRKSb6E" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25684 Safeguarding the Bioeconomy tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25525#prepub 2020-01-14T10:45:39-05:00 2020-01-14T10:45:58-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25525?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25525/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Research and innovation in the life sciences is driving rapid growth in agriculture, biomedical science, information science and computing, energy, and other sectors of the U.S. economy. This economic activity, conceptually referred to as the bioeconomy, presents many opportunities to create jobs, improve the quality of life, and continue to drive economic growth. While the United States has been a leader in advancements in the biological sciences, other countries are also actively investing in and expanding their capabilities in this area. Maintaining competitiveness in the bioeconomy is key to maintaining the economic health and security of the United States and other nations.</p> <p><i>Safeguarding the Bioeconomy</i> evaluates preexisting and potential approaches for assessing the value of the bioeconomy and identifies intangible assets not sufficiently captured or that are missing from U.S. assessments. This study considers strategies for safeguarding and sustaining the economic activity driven by research and innovation in the life sciences. It also presents ideas for horizon scanning mechanisms to identify new technologies, markets, and data sources that have the potential to drive future development of the bioeconomy.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25525">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/278'>Biology and Life Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/50e7bKHWWd4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25525 Right-Sizing Transportation Investments: A Guidebook for Planning and Programming tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25680#final 2020-01-10T10:33:35-05:00 2020-01-10T10:33:35-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25680?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25680/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Transportation agencies across the United States are afflicted with aging infrastructure, unstable funding, changing performance expectations, and programs that need updating to meet future demand effectively and efficiently. Yet, these agencies are charged with ensuring ongoing alignment between the life cycle cost, capacity, extent, condition, and function of a piece of infrastructure or a program and its intended current and future use.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 917: Right-Sizing Transportation Investments: A Guidebook for Planning and Programming</em> provides a guideline for identifying right-sizing opportunities where greater social and economic value can be realized by repurposing, reusing, or fundamentally resizing existing transportation system assets.</p> <p>There is an <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr_197execsummary.pdf" target="_blank">executive summary</a> associated with this report, as well as several supplementary materials, including:</p> <ul> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/wod263.pdf" target="_self">Web-Only Document 263: White Papers for Right-Sizing Transportation Investments</a></li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr917guidebook.pptx" target="_blank">A Powerpoint presentation for decision-makers</a></li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr917cal.xlsm" target="_self">Spreadsheet model</a></li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr917calexample.xlsm" target="_blank">Spreadsheet model example</a></li> <li><a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rr917analysis.xlsx" target="_blank">A technical appendix</a></li> </ul> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25680">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/7iqOdlu-XA4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25680 Review and Update of U.S. Coast Guard Vessel Stability Regulations and Guidance tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25565#final 2020-01-09T00:00:00-05:00 2019-09-09T17:01:50-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25565?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25565/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) ship stability regulations governing the ability of a vessel to return to an upright position after being disturbed is the focus of a new TRB publication, <em>Review and Update of U.S. Coast Guard Vessel Stability Regulations and Guidance.</em> The authors advise the USCG on how it can make its stability regulations more usable and complete in meeting the requirements of different types of vessels and those vessels that have undergone weight changes that can affect their stability characteristics.</p> <p>The USCG has safety regulatory jurisdiction over vessels registered in the United States. One of its oldest regulatory functions is to ensure these ships, boats, and other floating vessels remain upright as they encounter both expected and unexpected loading, operating, and weather conditions, including wind and wave conditions and unexpected failure of watertight integrity.</p> <p>Stability standards have been improved over time - particularly in the past 30 years - and the USCG remains keenly interested in making sure the regulations are kept updated based on the latest technical knowledge, well aligned with international standards, and organized and presented in a manner that facilitates compliance and enforcement. The recommendations in the report are intended to further these aims. The USCG earlier commissioned a National Academies study to identify options for improving vessel stability regulations, and after receiving that study in September 2018, the USCG asked for this second study to provide more in-depth advice on applying these options.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25565">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/hnAbWiQEB1k" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25565 Toward New Naval Platforms: A Strategic View of the Future of Naval Engineering tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25601#final 2020-01-09T00:00:00-05:00 2019-10-08T17:19:50-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25601?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25601/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The U.S. Navy has many unique naval engineering needs that demand a highly capable and robust U.S. naval engineering enterprise. In seeking an independent review of the unclassified elements of its National Naval Responsibilities—Naval Engineering (NNR-NE) program, the Office of Naval Research (ONR) asked for recommendations on ways to ensure the program meets the many naval engineering research, education, and workforce needs that will be critical to the Future Navy. </p> <p><em>Toward New Naval Platforms: A Strategic View of the Future of Naval Engineering </em>recommends a number of strategies, including advice that ONR adopt a “lead, leverage, and monitor” framework for the programming, prioritization, and integration of its investments within and across the NNR-NE’s three “pillars” of science and technology (S&amp;T), education and workforce development, and experimental infrastructure. </p> <p>The report points out that as the technological landscape critical to naval engineering continues to expand at a rapid pace, NNR-NE must make strategic choices about when it should invest directly in research that meets naval-unique S&amp;T needs, and when it should leverage technological advances from other domains.</p> <p>Likewise, the report points to the importance of the NNR-NE making direct investments to inspire STEM interest among K-12 students and attract undergraduate and graduate students to the field of naval engineering but also to leverage the many STEM programs found elsewhere in the Navy and Department of Defense.</p> <p>The report stresses the importance of engaging individuals from under-represented groups to expand the naval engineering talent pool and to find creative ways to expedite the recruitment of workers to Navy-critical professions by providing naval engineering graduates with early work opportunities while awaiting security clearances.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25601">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/RFrO03syzjM" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25601 A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25644#final 2020-01-08T00:00:00-05:00 2019-11-27T10:11:41-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25644?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25644/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>States and localities are beginning to recognize and act on the connection between health and transportation. A growing number of entities have produced a number of resources, guidance documents, and strategic plans on the topic.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 932: A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health</em> builds upon this body of work to provide a plan for funding research over the next decade that can lead to greater consideration of health issues in transportation contexts.</p> <p>The report includes an Implementation Plan that is outlined in the <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_932Presentation.pdf">Health and Transportation Research Roadmap presentation</a> as well as <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_932MethodsBackground.pdf">a document on the research methods and background materials</a> from the project.</p> <p>The 10-year strategic Roadmap will provide a broad overview of highly relevant research needs as well as implementable tools for state DOTs and partners at the intersection of transportation and public health in the U.S.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25644">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/48z5SK7Onqo" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25644 Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 2: Research Overview tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25679#prepub 2020-01-07T14:23:33-05:00 2020-01-07T14:23:33-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25679?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25679/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Providing light beyond the limits of the roadway travel lanes benefits drivers’ visual performance, spectral content of light-emitting diode (LED) sources should be a design consideration, and there are not currently any health impacts from properly designed roadway lighting are among the findings of this survey report.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's pre-publication draft of <em>NCHRP Research Report 940: Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 2: Research Overview</em> determines the current guidance for the use of Solid State Lighting (SSL); identifies the research that still needs to be accomplished to assist in its proper implementation; and develops a comprehensive, easy to use, set of guidelines using currently available information and new research being proposed as part of this project.</p> <p>Also see this guide's accompanying pre-publication draft, <a href="http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/180128.aspx">NCHRP Research Report 940: Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 1: Guidance</a>.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25679">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/EMsrCkuPWYg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25679 Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 1: Guidance tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25678#prepub 2020-01-07T13:28:50-05:00 2020-01-07T13:28:50-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25678?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25678/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>The lighting industry has changed dramatically over the past decade. The optical system design of legacy high-intensity discharge (HID) luminaires was restricted to the lamp, refractor, and reflector design, which had limits in the distribution of the light, controls, and adaptability. Roadway luminaires have moved beyond this design methodology to include the vast possibilities presented by solid-state lighting (SSL). At present, in the form of light emitting diodes (LED), SSL uses lower energy, reduces maintenance, improves color, and can be easily dimmed and controlled.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's pre-publication draft of <em>NCHRP Research Report 940: Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 1: Guidance</em> develops more comprehensive guidelines in American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO)-standard format for the application of roadway lighting related to the widespread adoption of SSL, and identifies gaps in knowledge where possible future research will enhance these guidelines.</p> <p>Also see this guide's accompanying pre-publication draft, <a href="http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/180129.aspx">NCHRP Research Report 940: Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 2: Research Overview</a>.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25678">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/pjkB6tv0_XE" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25678 Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25677#prepub 2020-01-07T10:23:32-05:00 2020-01-07T10:23:32-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25677?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25677/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>Airports worldwide are setting aggressive zero- or low-emissions targets. To meet these targets, airports are deploying new strategies, adopting innovative financing mechanisms, and harnessing the collective influence of voluntary emissions and reporting programs. In tandem, new and affordable zero- or low-emissions technologies are rapidly becoming available at airports.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's pre-publicaton draft of <em>ACRP Research Report 220: Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports</em> covers all steps of roadmap development, from start to finish, using conceptual diagrams, examples, best practices, and links to external tools and resources. While the main focus of this Guidebook is airport‐controlled greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it provides discussion about airport‐influenced emissions from airlines, concessionaires, and passengers.</p> <p>Whereas other guidebooks and reference material provide airports with information on emissions mitigation and management (for example, the Federal Aviation Administration’s <em>Airport Carbon Emissions Reduction</em>, <em>ACRP Report 11: Guidebook on Preparing Airport Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventories</em>, and the Airport Council International’s <em>Guidance Manual: Airport Greenhouse Gas Emissions Management</em>), this Guidebook articulates steps for creating an airport‐specific emissions roadmap.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25677">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/MECsHYQgsoA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25677 Transportation Network Companies (TNCs): Impacts to Airport Revenues and Operations tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25671#prepub 2020-01-03T18:23:30-05:00 2020-01-03T18:23:30-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25671?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25671/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>As of June 2019, transportation network companies (TNCs) such as Uber and Lyft operate in the ground transportation markets at all major domestic commercial airports. The rapid emergence has presented multiple challenges to airport operators, states, regional transit authorities, and city governments.</p> <p>The pre-publication draft of the TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Research Report 215: Transportation Network Companies (TNCs): Impacts to Airport Revenues and Operations</em> is designed to help airport operators develop and implement practical approaches to managing TNCs within the context of commercial ground transportation policies and programs. The report presents best practices that have proven to be effective tools that airport operators can use to manage TNC operations and develop sustainable revenue models. It particularly is designed to help airport operators evaluate the tradeoffs among customer service, revenue generation, current operations, and long-term facility planning.</p> <p>Additional resources include a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_215SimulatorTemplate.xlsb">Mode Choice and Revenue Simulator Template spreadsheet</a> and an accompanying <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_rpt_215Dataset.xlsx">dataset</a>.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25671">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/HnzzCREk8c4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25671 Proposed Modifications to AASHTO Culvert Load Rating Specifications tag:nap.edu,2020:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25673#final 2020-01-02T12:28:31-05:00 2020-01-02T12:28:31-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25673?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25673/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Over the past decade, significant state and federal resources have been expended to develop a state‐of-the-art set of reliability‐based bridge design and load rating specifications, including Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) and Load and Resistance Factor Rating (LRFR). However, these design and rating methods were developed for larger bridge structures, and may result in overly conservative ratings when applied to buried culverts. Of the more than 600,000 records in the National Bridge Inventory, over 130,000 represent culverts, thus constituting a significant proportion of the nation’s bridge infrastructure.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>Web-Only Document 268: Proposed Modifications to AASHTO Culvert Load Rating Specifications</em> proposes modifications to the culvert load rating specifications in the <em>Manual for Bridge Evaluation</em> and revises the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications accordingly.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25673">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/jPtDIE1-nw4" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25673 Shaping Summertime Experiences: Opportunities to Promote Healthy Development and Well-Being for Children and Youth tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25546#final 2019-12-30T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-30T11:49:32-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25546?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25546/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>For children and youth, summertime presents a unique break from the traditional structure, resources, and support systems that exist during the school year. For some students, this time involves opportunities to engage in fun and enriching activities and programs, while others face additional challenges as they lose a variety of supports, including healthy meals, medical care, supervision, and structured programs that enhance development. Children that are limited by their social, economic, or physical environments during the summer months are at higher risk for worse academic, health, social and emotional, and safety outcomes. In contrast, structured summertime activities and programs support basic developmental needs and positive outcomes for children and youth who can access and afford these programs. These discrepancies in summertime experiences exacerbate pre-existing academic inequities. While further research is needed regarding the impact of summertime on developmental domains outside of the academic setting, extensive literature exists regarding the impact of summertime on academic development trajectories. However, this knowledge is not sufficiently applied to policy and practice, and it is important to address these inequalities.</p> <p><i>Shaping Summertime Experiences</i> examines the impact of summertime experiences on the developmental trajectories of school-age children and youth across four areas of well-being, including academic learning, social and emotional development, physical and mental health, and health-promoting and safety behaviors. It also reviews the state of science and available literature regarding the impact of summertime experiences. In addition, this report provides recommendations to improve the experiences of children over the summertime regarding planning, access and equity, and opportunities for further research and data collection.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25546">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/277'>Behavioral and Social Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/Ww3gUxQzUvQ" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25546 Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care: Moving Upstream to Improve the Nation's Health tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25467#final 2019-12-30T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-30T11:59:28-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25467?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25467/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The consistent and compelling evidence on how social determinants shape health has led to a growing recognition throughout the health care sector that improving health and health equity is likely to depend – at least in part – on mitigating adverse social determinants. This recognition has been bolstered by a shift in the health care sector towards value-based payment, which incentivizes improved health outcomes for persons and populations rather than service delivery alone. The combined result of these changes has been a growing emphasis on health care systems addressing patients’ social risk factors and social needs with the aim of improving health outcomes. This may involve health care systems linking individual patients with government and community social services, but important questions need to be answered about when and how health care systems should integrate social care into their practices and what kinds of infrastructure are required to facilitate such activities.</p> <p><i>Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care: Moving Upstream to Improve the Nation’s Health</i> examines the potential for integrating services addressing social needs and the social determinants of health into the delivery of health care to achieve better health outcomes. This report assesses approaches to social care integration currently being taken by health care providers and systems, and new or emerging approaches and opportunities; current roles in such integration by different disciplines and organizations, and new or emerging roles and types of providers; and current and emerging efforts to design health care systems to improve the nation's health and reduce health inequities.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25467">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/bD9jgJFeln8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25467 Airport Surface Weather Observation Options for General Aviation Airports tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25670#final 2019-12-27T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-19T16:22:50-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25670?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25670/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The needs of airports may vary depending on the types of operations typically conducted at the airport, as well as the type of weather common to the airport.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Syntheis 105: Airport Surface Weather Observation Options for General Aviation Airports</em> aims to provide the operators of general aviation (GA) airports a comprehensive source of information about airport-based weather observation options so they may make informed decisions to support the specific operational needs of their airport.</p> <p>Weather observations at airports can come from either FAA-approved (certified) or advisory (non-certified) sources. Weather reporting at a GA airport, whether certified or not, typically comes from automated sources, as human observers are increasingly being phased out or are stationed mainly at commercial service airports.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25670">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/53q0KnrNyZk" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25670 A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences: A Research Agenda for Advancing Intelligence Analysis: Digest Version tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25648#final 2019-12-26T09:02:04-05:00 2019-12-26T09:02:11-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25648?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25648/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The Digest Version of <i>A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences: A Research Agenda for Advancing Intelligence Analysis</i> summarizes the most important ideas from the full report for the Intelligence Community to consider in the coming decade. This volume provides an overview of the primary opportunities that research in the social and behavioral sciences offers for strengthening national security, specifically the work of the intelligence analyst, and the conclusions and recommendations of the Committee on a Decadal Survey of Social and Behavioral Sciences for Applications to National Survey. This digest version is a succinct roadmap to the critical contribution researchers from these fields make to national security.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25648">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/277'>Behavioral and Social Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/qFVXImvDKio" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25648 The Science of Effective Mentorship in STEMM tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25568#final 2019-12-24T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-26T09:43:23-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25568?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25568/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Mentorship is a catalyst capable of unleashing one's potential for discovery, curiosity, and participation in STEMM and subsequently improving the training environment in which that STEMM potential is fostered. Mentoring relationships provide developmental spaces in which students' STEMM skills are honed and pathways into STEMM fields can be discovered. Because mentorship can be so influential in shaping the future STEMM workforce, its occurrence should not be left to chance or idiosyncratic implementation. There is a gap between what we know about effective mentoring and how it is practiced in higher education.</p> <p>The Science of Effective Mentorship in STEMM studies mentoring programs and practices at the undergraduate and graduate levels. It explores the importance of mentorship, the science of mentoring relationships, mentorship of underrepresented students in STEMM, mentorship structures and behaviors, and institutional cultures that support mentorship. This report and its complementary interactive guide present insights on effective programs and practices that can be adopted and adapted by institutions, departments, and individual faculty members.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25568">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/282'>Education</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/NHBpKRAAYrc" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25568 Field Test of BMPs Using Granulated Ferric Oxide Media to Remove Dissolved Metals in Roadway Stormwater Runoff tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25669#final 2019-12-20T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-17T12:57:23-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25669?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25669/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>There are several best management practices that are good at removing particulate-bound pollutants by settling, filtering, and, in the case of wetlands, settling, uptake, and incorporation of pollutants into biological matter (e.g., natural organic matter). However, a longstanding goal of stormwater treatment is the removal of the stormwater pollutant fraction that cannot be readily settled or filtered.</p> <p>While there are several media that may be employed to remove dissolved metals from stormwater, the media chosen for the TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Web-Only Document 265: Field Test of BMPs Using Granulated Ferric Oxide Media to Remove Dissolved Metals in Roadway Stormwater Runoff</em> is ferric oxide. Field scale testing of ferric oxide was recommended as an outcome of <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/read/22389/chapter/1"><em>NCHRP Report 767: Measuring and Removing Dissolved Metals fromStorm Water in Highly Urbanized Areas</em> (2014)</a>, a laboratory study that considered several metals and media with testing focused on the capacity of ferric oxide to remove copper and zinc from synthetic and natural highway stormwater runoff.</p> <p>Highlights of the project are summarized in a <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_wod_265Presentation.pptx">PowerPoint presentation</a>.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25669">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/Yonr5bvJ8x0" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25669 Fast-Tracked: A Tactical Transit Study tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25571#final 2019-12-19T00:00:00-05:00 2019-09-16T15:42:13-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25571?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25571/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>As transit agencies, local governments, and citizens look for ways to improve existing, and start new, transit service, many of them are turning to the Quick-Build (Tactical Urbanism) methodology. This approach uses inexpensive, temporary materials and short-term tactics as a way of implementing projects in the short-term, while longer-term planning takes place.</p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Research Report 207: Fast-Tracked: A Tactical Transit Study</em> documents the current state of the practice with regard to what are called Tactical Transit projects, specifically for surface transit (bus and streetcar). These are both physical and operational strategies that improve the delivery of surface transit projects using this methodology. Tactical Transit projects, operational and physical Quick-Build projects that uniquely focus on transit, have evolved as a way for municipal governments to improve the way they respond to rider needs and increased demand for service.</p> <p>The report highlights Tactical Transit projects happening in cities across North America and how transit agencies and other entities are using innovative methods to improve transit speed, access, and ridership at a fraction of both the cost and time of conventional projects.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25571">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/HDyvl8_qdek" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25571 Fostering Healthy Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Development in Children and Youth: A National Agenda tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25201#final 2019-12-18T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-19T11:02:55-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25201?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25201/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Healthy mental, emotional, and behavioral (MEB) development is a critical foundation for a productive adulthood. Much is known about strategies to support families and communities in strengthening the MEB development of children and youth, by promoting healthy development and also by preventing and mitigating disorder, so that young people reach adulthood ready to thrive and contribute to society. Over the last decade, a growing body of research has significantly strengthened understanding of healthy MEB development and the factors that influence it, as well as how it can be fostered. Yet, the United States has not taken full advantage of this growing knowledge base. Ten years later, the nation still is not effectively mitigating risks for poor MEB health outcomes; these risks remain prevalent, and available data show no significant reductions in their prevalence.</p> <p><i>Fostering Healthy Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Development in Children and Youth: A National Agenda</i> examines the gap between current research and achievable national goals for the next ten years. This report identifies the complexities of childhood influences and highlights the need for a tailored approach when implementing new policies and practices. This report provides a framework for a cohesive, multidisciplinary national approach to improving MEB health.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25201">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/277'>Behavioral and Social Sciences</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/R1trX6NF1Xk" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25201 Impacts of Policy-Induced Freight Modal Shifts tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25660#final 2019-12-17T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-16T14:25:42-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25660?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25660/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>In recent public policy debates, much emphasis has been placed on proposals to shift freight from highways to rail. This emphasis is based on goals of reducing emissions and highway congestion. However, prudent planning requires an understanding of the basics of mode choices, what could change those choices, and what the impacts will be.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Freight Research Program's <em>NCFRP Research Report 40: Impacts of Policy-Induced Freight Modal Shifts</em> provides public policymakers with the factors that shippers and carriers consider when choosing freight modes and provides an analytical methodology to quantify the probability and outcomes of policy-induced modal shifts.</p> <p>This is the final report of the NCFRP Program, which ends on December 31, 2019. NCFRP has covered a range of issues to improve the efficiency, reliability, safety, and security of the nation's freight transportation system.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25660">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/U3YFhWgimuM" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25660 Current Landscape of Unmanned Aircraft Systems at Airports tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25659#final 2019-12-16T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-12T18:22:25-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25659?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25659/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>The unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) industry is on the cutting edge of aviation innovation. Airports, including tenants and contractors, are discovering the benefits of UAS to their operations and bottom line. Yet, with the diversity of UAS applications at airports, there has been a lack of relevant industry data on this topic to inform the airport industry on current practices.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Synthesis 104: Current Landscape of Unmanned Aircraft Systems at Airports</em> seeks to understand the degree of UAS use, including specific applications, by three groups: airports, airport contractors, and airport tenants.</p> <p>Using responses from 130 airports, one of the report's findings is that approximately 9% of participating airports are actively using UAS for airport purposes.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25659">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/2Ln3RqHzM1I" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25659 Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25613#prepub 2019-12-11T12:45:37-05:00 2019-12-18T07:59:40-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25613?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25613/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>The field of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science underpins many technologies and continues to progress at an exciting pace for both scientific discoveries and technological innovations. AMO physics studies the fundamental building blocks of functioning matter to help advance the understanding of the universe. It is a foundational discipline within the physical sciences, relating to atoms and their constituents, to molecules, and to light at the quantum level. AMO physics combines fundamental research with practical application, coupling fundamental scientific discovery to rapidly evolving technological advances, innovation and commercialization. Due to the wide-reaching intellectual, societal, and economical impact of AMO, it is important to review recent advances and future opportunities in AMO physics.</p> <p><i>Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States</i> assesses opportunities in AMO science and technology over the coming decade. Key topics in this report include tools made of light; emerging phenomena from few- to many-body systems; the foundations of quantum information science and technologies; quantum dynamics in the time and frequency domains; precision and the nature of the universe, and the broader impact of AMO science. </p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25613">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/290'>Math, Chemistry, and Physics</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/oUgxEfJWmNM" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25613 Implications of the California Wildfires for Health, Communities, and Preparedness: Proceedings of a Workshop tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25622#prepub 2019-12-11T08:45:36-05:00 2019-12-17T13:29:09-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25622?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25622/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Prepublication Now Available</strong></p> <p>California and other wildfire-prone western states have experienced a substantial increase in the number and intensity of wildfires in recent years. Wildlands and climate experts expect these trends to continue and quite likely to worsen in coming years. Wildfires and other disasters can be particularly devastating for vulnerable communities. Members of these communities tend to experience worse health outcomes from disasters, have fewer resources for responding and rebuilding, and receive less assistance from state, local, and federal agencies. Because burning wood releases particulate matter and other toxicants, the health effects of wildfires extend well beyond burns. In addition, deposition of toxicants in soil and water can result in chronic as well as acute exposures.</p> <p>On June 4-5, 2019, four different entities within the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop titled Implications of the California Wildfires for Health, Communities, and Preparedness at the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at the University of California, Davis. The workshop explored the population health, environmental health, emergency preparedness, and health equity consequences of increasingly strong and numerous wildfires, particularly in California. This publication is a summary of the presentations and discussion of the workshop.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25622">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/vUtTScoKRIY" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25622 Estimating the Value of Truck Travel Time Reliability tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25655#final 2019-12-10T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-06T13:20:41-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25655?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25655/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Travel time reliability is frequently cited as an important metric for the trucking community and users of truck freight services. While the travel time reliability for trucking is commonly measured, truck reliability is seldom considered in the benefit–cost evaluation of mobility projects, which underrepresents the benefits accrued to freight users of the roadway system.</p> <p>The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's <em>NCHRP Research Report 925: Estimating the Value of Truck Travel Time Reliability</em> provides planners and analysts a Reliability Valuation Framework that is applicable to urban or intercity shipments around the United States across a range of truck freight users and commodity types.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25655">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/b5sBTxdLtrs" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25655 Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation: Final Guidance Document tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25461#final 2019-12-03T00:00:00-05:00 2019-05-06T14:26:11-04:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25461?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25461/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>A sustainable transit agency provides environmental, social, and economic benefits to the communities it serves. Transit agency efforts to quantify these benefits have focused primarily on environmental sustainability. The American Public Transportation Association (APTA) has developed guidance for transit agencies on how to use performance measures to quantify transit’s impact on environmental sustainability. APTA has yet to develop similar guidance to measure social and economic sustainability, which is the focus of this research project. </p> <p>The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's <em>TCRP Research Report 205: Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation: Final Guidance Document </em>explores a practical tool to help transit agencies of all sizes develop and use social and economic sustainability performance measures to plan, evaluate, and report on social and economic sustainability. </p> <p>The report is intended to complement the APTA <a href="https://www.apta.com/wp-content/uploads/Standards_Documents/APTA-SUDS-CC-RP-005-18.pdf">Recommended Practice for Social and Economic Sustainability for Transit Agencies</a> (2018). APTA’s Recommended Practice provides a framework for approaching economic and social sustainability, along with an overview of recommended practices; however, the document does not include performance measures, which are a key component to reporting progress and gauging success.</p> <p>The report is presented with <a href="http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_205PerformanceMeasures.xlsx">a companion Excel workbook</a> that can be used by transit agencies to develop their own initial list of performance measures. The workbook includes 606 social and economic sustainability performance measures, as well as 93 transit service performance measures.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25461">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/22X3l7QdVek" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25461 Promoting Aviation Career Education in High Schools and Community Colleges tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25643#final 2019-12-02T00:00:00-05:00 2019-11-26T17:32:40-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25643?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25643/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>More airport operations/management academic programs at both the high school and community college levels would help the airport industry. With baby boomers currently reaching retirement age at the rate of 10,000 each day, and later generations much smaller in size, new employees are not entering the workforce swiftly enough to replace those leaving because of retirement, illness, and other complicating factors.</p> <p>As a result, the aviation industry, like others, is experiencing a significant labor shortage. With no end in sight, the industry has joined forces in a number of unique partnerships in an effort to not only enhance the quality of current aviation graduates, but also stimulate interest in aviation careers among college students, high school students, and even middle school and elementary school students.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Synthesis 103: Promoting Aviation Career Education in High Schools and Community Colleges</em> points out the many characteristics of high school and community college aviation programs throughout the country, which could prove useful to airport management. By better understanding the academic programs producing the next generation of aviation professionals, airports can develop proactive efforts to promote the airport profession to aviation programs in their local area and influence young people to seriously consider airports as a viable career path, thus positively affecting the future of the airport industry.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25643">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/fc_TpfsamZM" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25643 Taking Action Against Clinician Burnout: A Systems Approach to Professional Well-Being tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25521#final 2019-12-02T00:00:00-05:00 2020-01-21T12:14:37-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25521?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25521/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Patient-centered, high-quality health care relies on the well-being, health, and safety of health care clinicians. However, alarmingly high rates of clinician burnout in the United States are detrimental to the quality of care being provided, harmful to individuals in the workforce, and costly. It is important to take a systemic approach to address burnout that focuses on the structure, organization, and culture of health care.</p> <p><i>Taking Action Against Clinician Burnout: A Systems Approach to Professional Well-Being</i> builds upon two groundbreaking reports from the past twenty years, <i>To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System</i> and <i>Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century</i>, which both called attention to the issues around patient safety and quality of care. This report explores the extent, consequences, and contributing factors of clinician burnout and provides a framework for a systems approach to clinician burnout and professional well-being, a research agenda to advance clinician well-being, and recommendations for the field.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25521">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/HXCRFQ1qvmU" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25521 Vibrant and Healthy Kids: Aligning Science, Practice, and Policy to Advance Health Equity tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25466#final 2019-11-27T00:00:00-05:00 2019-12-02T08:25:53-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25466?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25466/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>Children are the foundation of the United States, and supporting them is a key component of building a successful future. However, millions of children face health inequities that compromise their development, well-being, and long-term outcomes, despite substantial scientific evidence about how those adversities contribute to poor health. Advancements in neurobiological and socio-behavioral science show that critical biological systems develop in the prenatal through early childhood periods, and neurobiological development is extremely responsive to environmental influences during these stages. Consequently, social, economic, cultural, and environmental factors significantly affect a child’s health ecosystem and ability to thrive throughout adulthood.</p> <p><i>Vibrant and Healthy Kids: Aligning Science, Practice, and Policy to Advance Health Equity</i> builds upon and updates research from <i>Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity</i> (2017) and <i>From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development</i> (2000). This report provides a brief overview of stressors that affect childhood development and health, a framework for applying current brain and development science to the real world, a roadmap for implementing tailored interventions, and recommendations about improving systems to better align with our understanding of the significant impact of health equity.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25466">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/288'>Health and Medicine</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/CtJC7qznv-w" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25466 Value, Benefits, and Limitations of Qualifications-Based Selection for Airport Project Delivery tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25641#final 2019-11-25T00:00:00-05:00 2019-11-21T16:21:03-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25641?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25641/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>About $1.5 trillion will be spent globally on airport infrastructure by 2030, according to the International Air Transport Association. Most of that enormous amount of money will be spent on projects that must be constructed without disrupting airport operations.</p> <p>Given the focus on schedule and on the cost of failing to complete the construction during the periods of planned outages, the need for a highly qualified construction contractor with a proven record of timely and quality production is key to the success of airport projects across the globe.</p> <p>The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's <em>ACRP Synthesis 102: Value, Benefits, and Limitations of Qualifications-Based Selection for Airport Project Delivery</em> aims to benchmark the state of the practice with respect to the use of qualifications-based selection (QBS) to award construction projects.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25641">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/aWvDazPKcmA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25641 Technical Appendix to Air Demand in a Dynamic Competitive Context with the Automobile tag:nap.edu,2019:http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25642#final 2019-11-22T16:25:41-05:00 2019-11-22T16:25:41-05:00 The National Academies Press http://www.jwdksj.live <a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25642?utm_campaign=NAP%20RSS%3A%20Cover&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed"><img src="http://www.jwdksj.live/cover/25642/450.jpg" /></a> <p><strong>Final Book Now Available</strong></p> <p>This technical appendix from the TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program, <em>ACRP Web-Only Document 38: Technical Appendix to Air Demand in a Dynamic Competitive Context with the Automobile</em>, supplements <em><a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25448/air-demand-in-a-dynamic-competitive-context-with-the-automobile">ACRP Research Report 204: Air Demand in a Dynamic Competitive Context with the Automobile</a></em> with more detailed documentation of the research effort, including greater technical detail on the analytical models created for the research and their application.</p> <p>[<a href="http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25642">Read the full report</a>]</p> <p><strong>Topics:</strong> <a href='http://www.jwdksj.live/topic/294'>Transportation and Infrastructure</a></p><br /> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/nap/new/~4/GxxhxuKiti8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://www.jwdksj.live/catalog/25642 体彩7位数400期走势图