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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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INCREASING STUDENT SUCCESS
IN DEVELOPMENTAL MATHEMATICS

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Linda Casola and Tiffany E. Taylor, Rapporteurs

Board on Science Education

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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This activity was supported by a contract awarded to the National Academy of Sciences and Ascendium Education Group (unnumbered). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-49662-9
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-49662-4
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25547

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2019). Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25547.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON INCREASING STUDENT SUCCESS IN DEVELOPMENTAL MATHEMATICS

HOWARD GOBSTEIN (Chair), Association of Public & Land-grant Universities

SUSAN BICKERSTAFF, Community College Research Center, Columbia University

LINDA BRADDY, Tarrant County College

TRISTAN DENLEY, University System of Georgia

JAMES DORSEY, College Success Foundation

TATIANA MELGUIZO, University of Southern California

VILMA MESA, University of Michigan

JULIE PHELPS, Valencia College, East Campus

PHILIP URI TREISMAN, Charles A. Dana Center, The University of Texas at Austin

TIFFANY E. TAYLOR, Study Director

KERRY BRENNER, Senior Program Officer

HEIDI SCHWEINGRUBER, Director, Board on Science Education

MICHELLE SCHWALBE, Director, Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics

JESSICA COVINGTON, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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BOARD ON SCIENCE EDUCATION

ADAM GAMORAN (Chair), William T. Grant Foundation, New York

MEGAN BANG, School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University

VICKI L. CHANDLER, Minerva Schools at Keck Graduate Institute

SUNITA V. COOKE, MiraCosta College, Oceanside, CA

RUSH D. HOLT, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC

MATTHEW KREHBIEL, Achieve, Inc.

CATHRYN (CATHY) MANDUCA, Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College

JOHN MATHER, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

TONYA M. MATTHEWS, Wayne State University

WILLIAM PENUEL, School of Education, University of Colorado Boulder

STEPHEN L. PRUITT, Southern Regional Education Board

K. RENAE PULLEN, Caddo Parish Schools, Shreveport, LA

K. ANN RENNINGER, Department of Educational Studies, Swarthmore College

MARSHALL “MIKE” SMITH, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

MARCY H. TOWNS, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University

HEIDI SCHWEINGRUBER, Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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BOARD ON MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES AND ANALYTICS

STEPHEN M. ROBINSON (Chair), University of Wisconsin–Madison

JOHN R. BIRGE, University of Chicago

W. PETER CHERRY, Independent Consultant

DAVID S.C. CHU, Institute for Defense Analyses

RONALD R. COIFMAN, Yale University

JAMES (JIM) CURRY, University of Colorado Boulder

MARK L. GREEN, University of California, Los Angeles

SHAWNDRA HILL, Microsoft Research

LYDIA KAVRAKI, Rice University

TAMARA KOLDA, Sandia National Laboratories

JOSEPH A. LANGSAM, University of Maryland, College Park

DAVID MAIER, Portland State University

LOIS CURFMAN McINNES, Argonne National Laboratory

JILL PIPHER, Brown University

ELIZABETH A. THOMPSON, University of Washington

CLAIRE TOMLIN, University of California, Berkeley

LANCE WALLER, Emory University

KAREN E. WILLCOX, The University of Texas at Austin

DAVID YAO, Columbia University

MICHELLE SCHWALBE, Director

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop proceedings: Helen E. Burn, Department of Mathematics and Curriculum Research Group, Highline College; Ted Coe, Mathematics, Achieve, Inc.; Tristan Denley, Academic Affairs, University System of Georgia; and ThaiHuy Nguyen, College of Education, Seattle University.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by George R. Boggs, Superintendent/President Emeritus, Palomar College. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25547.
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The Board on Science Education and the Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened the Workshop on Increasing Student Success in Developmental Mathematics on March 18-19, 2019. The Workshop explored how to best support all students in postsecondary mathematics, with particular attention to students who are unsuccessful in developmental mathematics and with an eye toward issues of access to promising reforms and equitable learning environments.

The two-day workshop was designed to bring together a variety of stakeholders, including experts who have developed and/or implemented new initiatives to improve the mathematics education experience for students. The overarching goal of the workshop was to take stock of the mathematics education community's progress in this domain. Participants examined the data on students who are well-served by new reform structures in developmental mathematics and discussed various cohorts of students who are not currently well served - those who even with access to reforms do not succeed and those who do not have access to a reform due to differential access constraints. Throughout the workshop, participants also explored promising approaches to bolstering student outcomes in mathematics, focusing especially on research and data that demonstrate the success of these approaches; deliberated and discussed barriers and opportunities for effectively serving all students; and outlined some key directions of inquiry intended to address the prevailing research and data needs in the field. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

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